Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite (LSCF)

Lanthanum Ferrite doped with Strontium Oxide and Cobalt Oxide Fuel Cell Cathode

Linear Formula: La0.6-0.78Sr0.2-0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3

Request Quote

PRODUCT PRODUCT CODE REQUEST A QUOTE SAFETY DATA TECHNICAL DATA
Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite (Sr = 10%) Ink
LSCF-10-I Pricing
Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite (Sr = 10%) Powder
LSCF-10-P Pricing
Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite (Sr = 20%) Powder
LSCF-20-P Pricing
Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite Sr = 20%) Ink
LSCF-20-I Pricing

Properties

Appearance Powder
Melting Point N/A
Boiling Point N/A
Density 1.5-2.8 g/cm3
Thermal Expansion α ~15 ppm/°C
Crystal Phase / Structure Single phase perovskite
Morphology Spheroidal

Health & Safety Information

Signal Word N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Statements N/A
Transport Information N/A

View and Print SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEET

Date Created: 5/15/2015
Date Revised: 5/15/2015
Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite (LSCF)

SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION

Product Name: Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite (LSCF)

Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. [field_product_reference]

Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development

"


SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Acute toxicity, Oral(Category 4), H302
Skin irritation(Category 2), H315
Eye irritation(Category 2A), H319
Specific target organ toxicity -single exposure(Category 3), Respiratory system, H335
For the full text of the H-Statements mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Pictogram

Signal word
Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H302
Harmful if swallowed.
H315
Causes skin irritation.
H319
Causes serious eye irritation.
H335
May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary statement(s)
P261
Avoid breathing dust/ fume/ gas/ mist/ vapours/ spray.
P264
Wash skin thoroughly after handling.
P270
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271
Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P280
Wear protective gloves/ eye protection/ face protection.
P301 + P312
IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/ physician if you feel unwell.
P302 + P352
IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water.
P304 + P340
IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P312
Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/ physician if you feel unwell.
P321
Specific treatment (see supplemental first aid instructions on this label).
P330
Rinse mouth.
P332 + P313
If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/ attention.
P337 + P313
If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/ attention.
P362
Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P403 + P233
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P405
Store locked up.
P501
Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Hazards not otherwise classified (HNOC) or not covered by GHS-none


SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Mixtures
No components need to be disclosed according to the applicable regulations.
For the full text of the H-Statements mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

Description of first aid measures
General advice
Move out of dangerous area.
Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
If inhaled
If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.
In case of skin contact
Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.
In case of eye contact
Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.
If swallowed
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling (see section 2) and/or in section 11
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
No data available


SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing media
Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
Nature of decomposition products not known.
Advice for firefighters
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.
Further information
No data available


SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust.
For personal protection see section 8.
Environmental precautions
Do not let product enter drains.
Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up
Pick up and arrange disposal without creating dust. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.
Reference to other sections
For disposal see section 13.


SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

Precautions for safe handling
Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols.
Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed.Normal measures for preventive fire protection.
For precautions see section 2.
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.
Specific end use(s)
Apart from the uses mentioned in section 1 no other specific uses are stipulated


SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

Control parameters
Components with workplace control parameters
Contains no substances with occupational exposure limit values.
Exposure controls
Appropriate engineering controls
Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.
Personal protective equipment
Eye/face protection
Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166 Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).
Skin protection
Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique (without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands.
Body Protection
Complete suit protecting against chemicals, The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace.
Respiratory protection
For nuisance exposures use type P95 (US) or type P1 (EU EN 143) particle respirator.For higher level protection use type OV/AG/P99 (US) or type ABEK-P2 (EU EN 143) respirator cartridges. Use respirators and components tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).
Control of environmental exposure
Do not let product enter drains.


SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Information on basic physical and chemical properties
Appearance
Form: solid
Odour
No data available
Odour Threshold
No data available
pH
No data available
Melting point/freezing point
No data available
Initial boiling point and boiling range
No data available
Flash point
Not applicable
Evaporation rate
No data available
Flammability (solid, gas)
No data available
Upper/lower flammability or explosive limits
No data available
Vapour pressure
No data available
Vapour density
No data available
Relative density
No data available
Water solubility
No data available
Partition coefficient: n-octanol/water
No data available
Auto-ignition temperature
No data available
Decomposition temperature
No data available
Viscosity
No data available
Explosive properties
No data available
Oxidizing properties
No data available
Other safety information
No data available


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity
No data available
Chemical stability
Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Possibility of hazardous reactions
No data available
Conditions to avoid
No data available
Incompatible materials
No data available
Hazardous decomposition products
Other decomposition products-No data available
In the event of fire: see section 5


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Information on toxicological effects
Acute toxicity
No data available
Inhalation: No data available
Dermal: No data available
No data available
Skin corrosion/irritation
No data available
Serious eye damage/eye irritation
No data available
Respiratory or skin sensitisation
No data available
Germ cell mutagenicity
No data available
Carcinogenicity
IARC:
No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as
probable, possible or confirmed human carcinogen by IARC.
ACGIH:
No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as a
carcinogen or potential carcinogen by ACGIH.
NTP:
No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as a
known or anticipated carcinogen by NTP.
OSHA:
No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as a
carcinogen or potential carcinogen by OSHA.
Reproductive toxicity
No data available
No data available
Specific target organ toxicity -single exposure
May cause respiratory irritation.
Specific target organ toxicity -repeated exposure
No data available
Aspiration hazard
No data available
Additional Information
RTECS: Not available


SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Toxicity
No data available
Persistence and degradability
No data available
Bioaccumulative potential
No data available
Mobility in soil
No data available
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT/vPvB assessment not available as chemical safety assessment not required/not conducted
Other adverse effects
No data available


SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste treatment methods
Product
Offer surplus and non-recyclable solutions to a licensed disposal company.
Contact a licensed professional waste disposal service to dispose of this material.
Contaminated packaging
Dispose of as unused product.


SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

DOT (US)
Not dangerous goods
IMDG
Not dangerous goods
IATA
Not dangerous goods


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

SARA 302 Components
No chemicals in this material are subject to the reporting requirements of SARA Title III, Section 302.
SARA 313 Components
This material does not contain any chemical components with known CAS numbers that exceed the threshold (De Minimis) reporting levels established by SARA Title III, Section 313.
SARA 311/312 Hazards
Acute Health Hazard
Massachusetts Right To Know Components
No components are subject to the Massachusetts Right to Know Act.
California Prop. 65 Components
This product does not contain any chemicals known to State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or any other reproductive harm."


SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Acute toxicity, Oral(Category 4), H302
Skin irritation(Category 2), H315
Eye irritation(Category 2A), H319
Specific target organ toxicity -single exposure(Category 3), Respiratory system, H335
For the full text of the H-Statements mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Pictogram

Exclamation Mark - GHS07

Signal word
Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H302
Harmful if swallowed.
H315
Causes skin irritation.
H319
Causes serious eye irritation.
H335
May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary statement(s)
P261
Avoid breathing dust/ fume/ gas/ mist/ vapours/ spray.
P264
Wash skin thoroughly after handling.
P270
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271
Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P280
Wear protective gloves/ eye protection/ face protection.
P301 + P312
IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/ physician if you feel unwell.
P302 + P352
IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water.
P304 + P340
IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P312
Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/ physician if you feel unwell.
P321
Specific treatment (see supplemental first aid instructions on this label).
P330
Rinse mouth.
P332 + P313
If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/ attention.
P337 + P313
If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/ attention.
P362
Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P403 + P233
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P405
Store locked up.
P501
Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Hazards not otherwise classified (HNOC) or not covered by GHS-none


SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Mixtures
No components need to be disclosed according to the applicable regulations.
For the full text of the H-Statements mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

Description of first aid measures
General advice
Move out of dangerous area.
Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
If inhaled
If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.
In case of skin contact
Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.
In case of eye contact
Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.
If swallowed
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling (see section 2) and/or in section 11
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
No data available


SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing media
Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
Nature of decomposition products not known.
Advice for firefighters
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.
Further information
No data available


SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust.
For personal protection see section 8.
Environmental precautions
Do not let product enter drains.
Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up
Pick up and arrange disposal without creating dust. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.
Reference to other sections
For disposal see section 13.


SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

Precautions for safe handling
Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols.
Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed.Normal measures for preventive fire protection.
For precautions see section 2.
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.
Specific end use(s)
Apart from the uses mentioned in section 1 no other specific uses are stipulated


SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

Control parameters
Components with workplace control parameters
Contains no substances with occupational exposure limit values.
Exposure controls
Appropriate engineering controls
Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.
Personal protective equipment
Eye/face protection
Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166 Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).
Skin protection
Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique (without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands.
Body Protection
Complete suit protecting against chemicals, The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace.
Respiratory protection
For nuisance exposures use type P95 (US) or type P1 (EU EN 143) particle respirator.For higher level protection use type OV/AG/P99 (US) or type ABEK-P2 (EU EN 143) respirator cartridges. Use respirators and components tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).
Control of environmental exposure
Do not let product enter drains.


SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Information on basic physical and chemical properties
Appearance
Form: Powder or solid
Odour
No data available
Odour Threshold
No data available
pH
No data available
Melting point/freezing point
No data available
Initial boiling point and boiling range
No data available
Flash point
Not applicable
Evaporation rate
No data available
Flammability (solid, gas)
No data available
Upper/lower flammability or explosive limits
No data available
Vapour pressure
No data available
Vapour density
No data available
Relative density
No data available
Water solubility
No data available
Partition coefficient: n-octanol/water
No data available
Auto-ignition temperature
No data available
Decomposition temperature
No data available
Viscosity
No data available
Explosive properties
No data available
Oxidizing properties
No data available
Other safety information
No data available


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity
No data available
Chemical stability
Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Possibility of hazardous reactions
No data available
Conditions to avoid
No data available
Incompatible materials
No data available
Hazardous decomposition products
Other decomposition products-No data available
In the event of fire: see section 5


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Information on toxicological effects
Acute toxicity
No data available
Inhalation: No data available
Dermal: No data available
No data available
Skin corrosion/irritation
No data available
Serious eye damage/eye irritation
No data available
Respiratory or skin sensitisation
No data available
Germ cell mutagenicity
No data available
Carcinogenicity
IARC:
No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as
probable, possible or confirmed human carcinogen by IARC.
ACGIH:
No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as a
carcinogen or potential carcinogen by ACGIH.
NTP:
No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as a
known or anticipated carcinogen by NTP.
OSHA:
No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as a
carcinogen or potential carcinogen by OSHA.
Reproductive toxicity
No data available
No data available
Specific target organ toxicity -single exposure
May cause respiratory irritation.
Specific target organ toxicity -repeated exposure
No data available
Aspiration hazard
No data available
Additional Information
RTECS: Not available


SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Toxicity
No data available
Persistence and degradability
No data available
Bioaccumulative potential
No data available
Mobility in soil
No data available
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT/vPvB assessment not available as chemical safety assessment not required/not conducted
Other adverse effects
No data available


SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste treatment methods
Product
Offer surplus and non-recyclable solutions to a licensed disposal company.
Contact a licensed professional waste disposal service to dispose of this material.
Contaminated packaging
Dispose of as unused product.


SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

DOT (US)
Not dangerous goods
IMDG
Not dangerous goods
IATA
Not dangerous goods


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

SARA 302 Components
No chemicals in this material are subject to the reporting requirements of SARA Title III, Section 302.
SARA 313 Components
This material does not contain any chemical components with known CAS numbers that exceed the threshold (De Minimis) reporting levels established by SARA Title III, Section 313.
SARA 311/312 Hazards
Acute Health Hazard
Massachusetts Right To Know Components
No components are subject to the Massachusetts Right to Know Act.
California Prop. 65 Components
This product does not contain any chemicals known to State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or any other reproductive harm.


16. OTHER INFORMATION

Safety Data Sheet according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH). The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. American Elements shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. COPYRIGHT 1997-2016 AMERICAN ELEMENTS. LICENSED GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY.

About

American Elements specializes in producing Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite (also known as Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite, or LSCF) for fuel cell cathode applications utilizing solid state processing to produce single phase perovskite structures with various doping levels and surface areas (SSA) for use in thin film layers. Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite has an excellent thermal expansion match with Yttria Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) electrolytes. It is highly electronically conductive and has proven long term stability. solid oxide fuel cell anode (Nickel Cermet) by SEM Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite belongs to a class of "A" site and "B" site doped perovskite structures with these properties. These include Lanthanum Strontium Manganite (LSM), Lanthanum Strontium Ferrite (LSF), Lanthanum Calcium Manganite (LCM), Lanthanum Strontium Chromite (LSC), and Lanthanum Strontium Gallate Magnesite (LSGM). Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite is also available as a powder for tape casting, air spray/thermal spray/plasma spray, extrusion and sputtering fuel cell applications and as an ink for screen printing. Strontium doping levels are available at 10% and 20% and as specified by customer. Oxygen starved compositions are available. American Elements provides guidance on firing parameters, doping levels, and thermal expansion matching with American Elements' electrolyte and interconnect fuel cell layers.

Synonyms

Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite, LSCF

Chemical Identifiers

Linear Formula La0.6-0.78Sr0.2-0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3
CAS N/A
Pubchem CID 92026312
MDL Number N/A
EC No. N/A

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes, and 36,000 lb. tanker trucks.

Related Products & Element Information

See more Cobalt products. Cobalt (atomic symbol: Co, atomic number: 27) is a Block D, Group 9, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 58.933195. Cobalt Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of cobalt's shells is 2, 8, 15, 2 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d7 4s2The cobalt atom has a radius of 125 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 192 pm. Cobalt was first discovered by George Brandt in 1732. In its elemental form, cobalt has a lustrous gray appearance. Cobalt is found in cobaltite, erythrite, glaucodot and skutterudite ores. Elemental CobaltCobalt produces brilliant blue pigments which have been used since ancient times to color paint and glass. Cobalt is a ferromagnetic metal and is used primarily in the production of magnetic and high-strength superalloys. Co-60, a commercially important radioisotope, is useful as a radioactive tracer and gamma ray source. The origin of the word Cobalt comes from the German word "Kobalt" or "Kobold," which translates as "goblin," "elf" or "evil spirit." For more information on cobalt, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of cobalt products, visit the Cobalt element page.

See more Iron products. Iron (atomic symbol: Fe, atomic number: 26) is a Block D, Group 8, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 55.845. The number of electrons in each of Iron's shells is 2, 8, 14, 2 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d6 4s2. Iron Bohr ModelThe iron atom has a radius of 126 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 194 pm. Iron was discovered by humans before 5000 BC. In its elemental form, iron has a lustrous grayish metallic appearance. Iron is the fourth most common element in the Earth's crust and the most common element by mass forming the earth as a whole. Iron is rarely found as a free element, since it tends to oxidize easily; it is usually found in minerals such as magnetite, hematite, goethite, limonite, or siderite.Elemental Iron Though pure iron is typically soft, the addition of carbon creates the alloy known as steel, which is significantly stronger.

See more Lanthanum products. Lanthanum (atomic symbol: La, atomic number: 57) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 138.90547. Lanthanum Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of lanthanum's shells is [2, 8, 18, 18, 9, 2] and its electron configuration is [Xe] 5d1 6s2. The lanthanum atom has a radius of 187 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 240 pm. Lanthanum was first discovered by Carl Mosander in 1838. In its elemental form, lanthanum has a silvery white appearance.Elemental Lanthanum It is a soft, malleable, and ductile metal that oxidizes easily in air. Lanthanum is the first element in the rare earth or lanthanide series. It is the model for all the other trivalent rare earths and it is the second most abundant of the rare earths after cerium. Lanthanum is found in minerals such as monazite and bastnasite. The name lanthanum originates from the Greek word Lanthaneia, which means 'to lie hidden'.

See more Strontium products. Strontium (atomic symbol: Sr, atomic number: 38) is a Block S, Group 2, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 87.62 . Strontium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Strontium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 8, 2] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 5s2. The strontium atom has a radius of 215 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 249 pm. Strontium was discovered by William Cruickshank in 1787 and first isolated by Humphry Davy in 1808. In its elemental form, strontium is a soft, silvery white metallic solid that quickly turns yellow when exposed to air. Elemental StrontiumCathode ray tubes in televisions are made of strontium, which are becoming increasingly displaced by other display technologies pyrotechnics and fireworks employ strontium salts to achhieve a bright red color. Radioactive isotopes of strontium have been used in radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs) and for certain cancer treatments. In nature, most strontium is found in celestite (as strontium sulfate) and strontianite (as strontium carbonate). Strontium was named after the Scottish town where it was discovered.

See more Sulfur products. Sulfur (or Sulphur) (atomic symbol: S, atomic number: 16) is a Block P, Group 16, Period 3 element with an atomic radius of 32.066. Sulfur Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Sulfur's shells is 2, 8, 6 and its electron configuration is [Ne] 3s2 3p4. In its elemental form, sulfur has a light yellow appearance. The sulfur atom has a covalent radius of 105 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 180 pm. In nature, sulfur can be found in hot springs, meteorites, volcanoes, and as galena, gypsum, and epsom salts. Sulfur has been known since ancient times but was not accepted as an element until 1777, when Antoine Lavoisier helped to convince the scientific community that it was an element and not a compound.

Recent Research

A treatment planning comparison between modulated tri-cobalt-60 teletherapy and linear accelerator-based stereotactic body radiotherapy for central early-stage non-small cell lung cancer., Merna, Catherine, Rwigema Jean-Claude M., Cao Minsong, Wang Pin-Chieh, Kishan Amar U., Michailian Argin, Lamb James, Sheng Ke, Agazaryan Nzhde, Low Daniel A., et al. , Med Dosim, 2016 Spring, Volume 41, Issue 1, p.87-91, (2016)

Coatings of active and heat-resistant cobalt-aluminium xerogel catalysts., Schubert, Miriam, Schubert Lennart, Thomé Andreas, Kiewidt Lars, Rosebrock Christopher, Thöming Jorg, Roessner Frank, and Bäumer Marcus , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2016 Sep 1, Volume 477, p.64-73, (2016)

Recovery of molybdenum, nickel and cobalt by precipitation from the acidic leachate of a mineral sludge., Vemic, M, Bordas F, Comte S, Guibaud G, Lens P N. L., and van Hullebusch E D. , Environ Technol, 2016 Sep, Volume 37, Issue 17, p.2231-42, (2016)

Formation of Co3O4 microframes from MOFs with enhanced electrochemical performance for lithium storage and water oxidation., Feng, Yi, Yu Xin-Yao, and Paik Ungyu , Chem Commun (Camb), 2016 May 7, Volume 52, Issue 37, p.6269-72, (2016)

A fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) based "Turn-On" nanofluorescence sensor using a nitrogen-doped carbon dot-hexagonal cobalt oxyhydroxide nanosheet architecture and application to α-glucosidase inhibitor screening., Li, Guoliang, Kong Weiheng, Zhao Mei, Lu Shuaimin, Gong Peiwei, Chen Guang, Xia Lian, Wang Hua, You Jinmao, and Wu Yongning , Biosens Bioelectron, 2016 May 15, Volume 79, p.728-35, (2016)

Cobalt internal standard for Ni to assist the simultaneous determination of Mo and Ni in plant materials by high-resolution continuum source graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry employing direct solid sample analysis., de Babos, Diego Victor, Bechlin Marcos André, Barros Ariane Isis, Ferreira Edilene Cristina, Neto José Anchieta G., and de Oliveira Silvana Ruella , Talanta, 2016 May 15, Volume 152, p.457-62, (2016)

Protein-templated cobaltous phosphate nanocomposites for the highly sensitive and selective detection of platelet-derived growth factor-BB., He, Linghao, Zhang Shuai, Ji Hongfei, Wang Minghua, Peng Donglai, Yan Fufeng, Fang Shaoming, Zhang Hongzhong, Jia Chunxiao, and Zhang Zhihong , Biosens Bioelectron, 2016 May 15, Volume 79, p.553-60, (2016)

Determination of cobalt in low-alloy steels using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy combined with laser-induced fluorescence., Li, Jiaming, Guo Lianbo, Zhao Nan, Yang Xinyan, Yi Rongxing, Li Kuohu, Zeng Qingdong, Li Xiangyou, Zeng Xiaoyan, and Lu Yongfeng , Talanta, 2016 May 1, Volume 151, p.234-8, (2016)

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August 25, 2016
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