(2N) 99%  •  (3N) 99.9%  •  (4N) 99.99%  •  (5N) 99.999%  •  (6N) 99.9999%


AE Oxides™

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Oxyde Oxid Ossido Óxido Óxido 氧化 酸化物 Oxid

32.4 (A)/00.012

  Hydrogen                                 Helium
  Lithium Beryllium                     Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
  Sodium Magnesium                     Aluminum Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
  Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
  Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
  Cesium Barium Lanthanum Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
  Francium Radium Actinium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Ununtrium Ununquadium Ununpentium Ununhexium Ununseptium Ununoctium
      Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium    
      Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawerencium    

Oxide IonNearly all metals form stable crystalline oxides, which are insoluble in water. The properties of metallic oxides make them the basis for all ceramics from uses as simple as producing clay bowls to advanced electronic and solid oxide fuel cell applications.

The oxide anion, O-2, readily bonds with electropositive metallic cations, such as Yttrium (Y2O3), Hafnium (HfO2) and Scandium (Sc2O3) and transition metals such as Cobalt (CoO), Nickel (NiO) and Manganese (MnO2) to form basic anyhydrides. Electronegative anions can form soluble acidic compounds or acidic anhydrides. Some metallic oxides, such as Aluminum (Al2O3) form oxide compounds that are both acidic and basic. These oxides are referred to as amphoteric.

High Purity (99.999%) Aluminum Oxide Sputtering TargetNumerous metals exist in nature only in their oxide form and must be subsequently mined and refined. An example of elements whose metallic form must be chemically/physically reduced from the oxide is the entire rare earth or lanthanide series of elements, including Lanthanum (La2O3), Cerium (CeO2), Praseodymium (Pr6O11), Neodymium (Nd2O3), Samarium (Sm2O3), Europium (Eu2O3), Gadolinium (Gd2O3), Terbium (Tb4O7), Dysprosium (Dy2O3), Holmium (Ho2O3), Erbium (Er2O3), Thulium (Tm2O3), Ytterbium (Yb2O3), and Lutetium (Lu2O3).

In addition to oxides, fluorides tend to be the other majorgroup of metallic compounds that are insoluble in water. Many other metallic compounds, such as chlorides and nitrates, are readily soluble in water.

The oxygen ion was first identified in 1774 by Joseph Priestly, an English preacher, who was a contemporary and colleague of Benjamin Franklin. At the time, it was believed that all acids contained oxygen, and thus it was named after the Greek words gennan, meaning "generate," and oxus, meaning "acid."High Purity (99.999%) Vanadium Oxide (V2O3) Powder

Purities of American Elements oxide compounds include 99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999% and 99.9999%, which are sometimes referred to as 2N, 3N, 4N, 5N and 6N. Physical forms include nanopowder and nanoparticles, submicron, -325 mesh, rod, foil, and high surface area forms with particle distribution and size controlled and certified. We produce larger -40 mesh, -100 mesh, -200 mesh range sizes and <0.5 mm, 2 mm, 5 mm and other sizes of shot, granules, lump, flake and pieces.

American Elements also produces stable isotopes of numerous oxides, such as Dysprosium-161 Oxide, Gadolinium-156 Oxide, Lutetium-176 Oxide, Neodymium-150 Oxide, and Ytterbium-172 Oxide.

AE Oxides™ products include:

Single Element Oxides
Oxide Pellets
Oxide Pieces
Oxide Powder
Aluminum Oxide Pellets
Antimony Oxide Pellets
Arsenic Oxide Pellets
Barium Oxide Pellets
Beryllium Oxide Pellets
Bismuth Oxide Pellets
Boron Oxide Pellets
Cadmium Oxide Pellets
Calcium Oxide Pellets
Carbon Oxide Pellets
Cerium Oxide Pellets
Cesium Oxide Pellets
Chromium Oxide Pellets
Cobalt Oxide Pellets
Copper Oxide Pellets
Dysprosium Oxide Pellets
Erbium Oxide Pellets
Europium Oxide Pellets
Gadolinium Oxide Pellets
Gallium Oxide Pellets
Germanium Oxide Pellets
Gold Oxide Pellets
Hafnium Oxide Pellets
Holmium Oxide Pellets
Indium Oxide Pellets
Iridium Oxide Pellets
Iron Oxide Pellets
Lanthanum Oxide Pellets
Lead Oxide Pellets
Lithium Oxide Pellets
Lutetium Oxide Pellets
Magnesium Oxide Pellets
Manganese Oxide Pellets
Molybdenum Oxide Pellets
Neodymium Oxide Pellets
Nickel Oxide Pellets
Niobium Oxide Pellets
Osmium Oxide Pellets
Palladium Oxide Pellets
Platinum Oxide Pellets
Potassium Oxide Pellets
Praseodymium Oxide Pellets
Rhenium Oxide Pellets
Rhodium Oxide Pellets
Rubidium Oxide Pellets
Ruthenium Oxide Pellets
Samarium Oxide Pellets
Scandium Oxide Pellets
Selenium Oxide Pellets
Silicon Oxide Pellets
Silver Oxide Pellets
Sodium Oxide Pellets
Strontium Oxide Pellets
Tantalum Oxide Pellets
Tellurium Oxide Pellets
Terbium Oxide Pellets
Thallium Oxide Pellets
Thorium Oxide Pellets
Thulium Oxide Pellets
Tin Oxide Pellets
Titanium Oxide Pellets
Tungsten Oxide Pellets
Uranium Oxide Pellets
Vanadium Oxide Pellets
Ytterbium Oxide Pellets
Yttrium Oxide Pellets
Zinc Oxide Pellets
Zirconium Oxide Pellets
Aluminum Oxide Pieces
Antimony Oxide Pieces
Arsenic Oxide Pieces
Barium Oxide Pieces
Beryllium Oxide Pieces
Bismuth Oxide Pieces
Boron Oxide Pieces
Cadmium Oxide Pieces
Calcium Oxide Pieces
Carbon Oxide Pieces
Cerium Oxide Pieces
Cesium Oxide Pieces
Chromium Oxide Pieces
Cobalt Oxide Pieces
Copper Oxide Pieces
Dysprosium Oxide Pieces
Erbium Oxide Pieces
Europium Oxide Pieces
Gadolinium Oxide Pieces
Gallium Oxide Pieces
Germanium Oxide Pieces
Gold Oxide Pieces
Hafnium Oxide Pieces
Holmium Oxide Pieces
Indium Oxide Pieces
Iridium Oxide Pieces
Iron Oxide Pieces
Lanthanum Oxide Pieces
Lead Oxide Pieces
Lithium Oxide Pieces
Lutetium Oxide Pieces
Magnesium Oxide Pieces
Manganese Oxide Pieces
Molybdenum Oxide Pieces
Neodymium Oxide Pieces
Nickel Oxide Pieces
Niobium Oxide Pieces
Osmium Oxide Pieces
Palladium Oxide Pieces
Platinum Oxide Pieces
Potassium Oxide Pieces
Praseodymium Oxide Pieces
Rhenium Oxide Pieces
Rhodium Oxide Pieces
Rubidium Oxide Pieces
Ruthenium Oxide Pieces
Samarium Oxide Pieces
Scandium Oxide Pieces
Selenium Oxide Pieces
Silicon Oxide Pieces
Silver Oxide Pieces
Sodium Oxide Pieces
Strontium Oxide Pieces
Tantalum Oxide Pieces
Tellurium Oxide Pieces
Terbium Oxide Pieces
Thallium Oxide Pieces
Thorium Oxide Pieces
Thulium Oxide Pieces
Tin Oxide Pieces
Titanium Monoxide Pieces
Titanium(IV) Oxide Pieces TiO2
Titanium(III) Oxide Pieces
Tungsten Oxide Pieces
Uranium Oxide Pieces
Vanadium Oxide Pieces
Ytterbium Oxide Pieces
Yttrium Oxide Pieces
Zinc Oxide Pieces
Zirconium Oxide Pieces
Oxide Tablets
Oxide Shot
Oxide Nanopowder
Oxide Sputtering Targets
Other Oxide Forms
Aluminum Oxide Tablets
Antimony Oxide Tablets
Arsenic Oxide Tablets
Barium Oxide Tablets
Beryllium Oxide Tablets
Bismuth Oxide Tablets
Boron Oxide Tablets
Cadmium Oxide Tablets
Calcium Oxide Tablets
Carbon Oxide Tablets
Cerium Oxide Tablets
Cesium Oxide Tablets
Chromium Oxide Tablets
Cobalt Oxide Tablets
Copper Oxide Tablets
Dysprosium Oxide Tablets
Erbium Oxide Tablets
Europium Oxide Tablets
Gadolinium Oxide Tablets
Gallium Oxide Tablets
Germanium Oxide Tablets
Gold Oxide Tablets
Hafnium Oxide Tablets
Holmium Oxide Tablets
Indium Oxide Tablets
Iridium Oxide Tablets
Iron Oxide Tablets
Lanthanum Oxide Tablets
Lead Oxide Tablets
Lithium Oxide Tablets
Lutetium Oxide Tablets
Magnesium Oxide Tablets
Manganese Oxide Tablets
Molybdenum Oxide Tablets
Neodymium Oxide Tablets
Nickel Oxide Tablets
Niobium Oxide Tablets
Osmium Oxide Tablets
Palladium Oxide Tablets
Platinum Oxide Tablets
Potassium Oxide Tablets
Praseodymium Oxide Tablets
Rhenium Oxide Tablets
Rhodium Oxide Tablets
Rubidium Oxide Tablets
Ruthenium Oxide Tablets
Samarium Oxide Tablets
Scandium Oxide Tablets
Selenium Oxide Tablets
Silicon Oxide Tablets
Silver Oxide Tablets
Sodium Oxide Tablets
Strontium Oxide Tablets
Tantalum Oxide Tablets
Tellurium Oxide Tablets
Terbium Oxide Tablets
Thallium Oxide Tablets
Thorium Oxide Tablets
Thulium Oxide Tablets
Tin Oxide Tablets
Titanium Monoxide Tablets
Titanium Oxide Tablets
Tungsten Oxide Tablets
Uranium Oxide Tablets
Vanadium Oxide Tablets
Ytterbium Oxide Tablets
Yttrium Oxide Tablets
Zinc Oxide Tablets
Zirconium Oxide Tablets
Aluminum Oxide Nanopowder
Antimony Oxide Nanopowder
Arsenic Oxide Nanopowder
Barium Oxide Nanopowder
Beryllium Oxide Nanopowder
Bismuth Oxide Nanopowder
Boron Oxide Nanopowder
Cadmium Oxide Nanopowder
Calcium Oxide Nanopowder
Carbon Oxide Nanopowder
Cerium Oxide Nanopowder
Cesium Oxide Nanopowder
Chromium Oxide Nanopowder
Cobalt(II) Oxide Nanopowder
Cobalt(II,III) Oxide Nanopowder
Cobalt(III) Oxide Nanopowder
Copper Oxide Nanopowder
Dysprosium Oxide Nanopowder
Erbium Oxide Nanopowder
Europium Oxide Nanopowder
Gadolinium Oxide Nanopowder
Gallium Oxide Nanopowder
Germanium Oxide Nanopowder
Gold Oxide Nanopowder
Hafnium Oxide Nanopowder
Holmium Oxide Nanopowder
Indium Oxide Nanopowder
Iridium Oxide Nanopowder
Iron(II,III) Oxide Nanopowder
Iron(III) Oxide Nanopowder
Lanthanum Oxide Nanopowder
Lead Oxide Nanopowder
Lithium Oxide Nanopowder
Lutetium Oxide Nanopowder
Magnesium Oxide Nanopowder
Manganese Oxide Nanopowder
Molybdenum Oxide Nanopowder
Neodymium Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel(II) Oxide Nanopowder NiO
Nickel(III) Oxide Nanopowder Ni2O3
Niobium Oxide Nanopowder
Osmium Oxide Nanopowder
Palladium Oxide Nanopowder
Platinum Oxide Nanopowder
Potassium Oxide Nanopowder
Praseodymium Oxide Nanopowder
Rhenium Oxide Nanopowder
Rhodium Oxide Nanopowder
Rubidium Oxide Nanopowder
Ruthenium Oxide Nanopowder
Samarium Oxide Nanopowder
Scandium Oxide Nanopowder
Selenium Oxide Nanopowder
Silicon Oxide Nanopowder
Silver Oxide Nanopowder
Sodium Oxide Nanopowder
Strontium Oxide Nanopowder
Tantalum Oxide Nanopowder
Tellurium Oxide Nanopowder
Terbium Oxide Nanopowder
Thallium Oxide Nanopowder
Thorium Oxide Nanopowder
Thulium Oxide Nanopowder
Tin Oxide Nanopowder
Titanium Oxide Nanopowder
Titanium Oxide, Anatase Nanopowder
Titanium Oxide, Rutile Nanopowder
Tungsten Oxide Nanopowder
Uranium Oxide Nanopowder
Vanadium Oxide Nanopowder
Ytterbium Oxide Nanopowder
Yttrium Oxide Nanopowder
Zinc Oxide Nanopowder
Zirconium Oxide Nanopowder
Aluminum Oxide Sputtering Target
Antimony Oxide Sputtering Target
Arsenic Oxide Sputtering Target
Barium Oxide Sputtering Target
Beryllium Oxide Sputtering Target
Bismuth Oxide Sputtering Target
Boron Oxide Sputtering Target
Cadmium Oxide Sputtering Target
Calcium Oxide Sputtering Target
Carbon Oxide Sputtering Target
Cerium Oxide Sputtering Target
Cesium Oxide Sputtering Target
Chromium Oxide Sputtering Target
Cobalt Oxide Sputtering Target
Copper Oxide Sputtering Target
Dysprosium Oxide Sputtering Target
Erbium Oxide Sputtering Target
Europium Oxide Sputtering Target
Gadolinium Oxide Sputtering Target
Gallium Oxide Sputtering Target
Germanium Oxide Sputtering Target
Gold Oxide Sputtering Target
Hafnium Oxide Sputtering Target
Holmium Oxide Sputtering Target
Indium Oxide Sputtering Target
Iridium Oxide Sputtering Target
Iron Oxide Sputtering Target
Black Iron Oxide Sputtering Targets
Lanthanum Oxide Sputtering Target
Lead Oxide Sputtering Target
Lithium Oxide Sputtering Target
Lutetium Oxide Sputtering Target
Magnesium Oxide Sputtering Target
Manganese Oxide Sputtering Target
Molybdenum Oxide Sputtering Target
Neodymium Oxide Sputtering Target
Nickel Oxide Sputtering Target
Niobium Oxide Sputtering Target
Osmium Oxide Sputtering Target
Palladium Oxide Sputtering Target
Platinum Oxide Sputtering Target
Potassium Oxide Sputtering Target
Praseodymium Oxide Sputtering Target
Rhenium Oxide Sputtering Target
Rhodium Oxide Sputtering Target
Rubidium Oxide Sputtering Target
Ruthenium Oxide Sputtering Target
Samarium Oxide Sputtering Target
Scandium Oxide Sputtering Target
Selenium Oxide Sputtering Target
Silicon Oxide Sputtering Target
Silver Oxide Sputtering Target
Sodium Oxide Sputtering Target
Strontium Oxide Sputtering Target
Tantalum Oxide Sputtering Target
Tellurium Oxide Sputtering Target
Terbium Oxide Sputtering Target
Thallium Oxide Sputtering Target
Thorium Oxide Sputtering Target
Thulium Oxide Sputtering Target
Tin Oxide Sputtering Target
Titanium Oxide Sputtering Target
Tungsten Oxide Sputtering Target
Uranium Oxide Sputtering Target
Vanadium Oxide Sputtering Target
Ytterbium Oxide Sputtering Target
Yttrium Oxide Sputtering Target
Zinc Oxide Sputtering Target
Zirconium Oxide Sputtering Target

Multielement/Doped Oxides
Multielement Oxide Nanopowder
Other Multielement Oxide Forms
Aluminum Cerium Oxide Nanopowder
Aluminum-doped Zinc Oxide Nanopowder
Antimony Tin Oxide Nanopowder
Arsenic Oxide Nanopowder
Barium Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Barium Sulfate Nanopowder
Barium Titanium Oxide Nanopowder
Bismuth Cobalt Zinc Oxide Nanopowder
Calcium Carbon Oxide Nanopowder
Calcium Phosphorous Oxide Nanopowder
Cerium Oxide, Calcium doped Nanopowder
Cerium Oxide, Gadolinium doped Nanopowder
Cerium Oxide, Samarium doped Nanopowder
Cerium Oxide, Yttria doped Nanopowder
Cerium Zirconium Oxide Nanopowder
Cesium Hydrogen Phosphorous Oxide Nanopowder
Cobalt Aluminum Oxide Nanopowder
Cobalt Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Cobalt Zinc Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Copper Zinc Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Copper Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Gallium-Doped Zinc Oxide (GZO) Nanopowder
Indium Tin Oxide Nanopowder
Iron Nickel Oxide Nanopowder
Lanthanum Strontium Manganese Oxide Nanopowder
Lithium Carbon Oxide Nanopowder
Lithium Cobalt Oxide Nanopwder
Lithium Manganese Oxide Nanopowder
Lithium Manganese Nickel Oxide Powder, Spinel
Lithium Titanate Oxide Nanopowder
Magnesium Aluminum Oxide Nanopowder
Magnesium Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Magnesium Zinc Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Manganese Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Manganese Titanium Oxide Nanopowder
Manganese Zinc Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel Chromium Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel Cobalt Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel Zinc Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Samarium Strontium Cobalt Oxide Nanopowder
Strontium Aluminum Oxide Nanopowder
Strontium Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Titanium Boron Oxide Nanopowder
Yttria-stabilized Zirconia Nanoparticles
Yttrium Aluminum Oxide Nanopowder
Yttrium Europium Oxide Nanopowder
Yttrium Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Zinc Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Zirconium(IV) Oxide Yttria stabilized Nanopowder
Zirconium(IV) Oxide Yttria stabilized Submicron Powder

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Production Catalog Available in 36 Countries and Languages

Recent Research & Development in Oxides

  • Staphylococcal entertotoxins of the enterotoxin Gene cluster (egcSEs) induce nitrous oxide- and cytokine dependent tumor cell apoptosis in a broad panel of human tumor cells. Terman DS, Serier A, Dauwalder O, Badiou C, Dutour A, Thomas D, Brun V, Bienvenu J, Etienne J, Vandenesch F, Lina G. Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2013 Aug 13;3:38.
  • N-Methyl-d-Aspartate Receptor - Nitric Oxide Synthase Pathway in the Cortex of Nogo-A-Deficient Rats in Relation to Brain Laterality and Schizophrenia. Krištofiková Z, Vrajová M, Sírová J, Valeš K, Petrásek T, Schönig K, Tews B, Schwab M, Bartsch D, Stuchlík A, Rípová D. Front Behav Neurosci. 2013 Aug 12;7:90.
  • Enhanced Efficacy of Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Against Antibiotic-Resistant Biofilms in the Presence of Metabolites. Durmus NG, Taylor EN, Kummer KM, Webster TJ. Adv Mater. 2013 Aug 20.
  • Three-Dimensional Graphene/Metal Oxide Nanoparticle Hybrids for High-Performance Capacitive Deionization of Saline Water. Yin H, Zhao S, Wan J, Tang H, Chang L, He L, Zhao H, Gao Y, Tang Z. Adv Mater. 2013 Aug 20.
  • Aligned Nano-Porous Microwave Exfoliated Graphite Oxide Ionic Actuators with High Strain and Elastic Energy Density. Ghaffari M, Kinsman W, Zhou Y, Murali S, Burlingame Q, Lin M, Ruoff RS, Zhang QM. Adv Mater. 2013 Aug 21.
  • Chemiluminescent Logic Gates Based on Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles/Graphene Oxide Nanocomposites. He Y, Cui H. Chemistry. 2013 Aug 21.
  • Origin of the chemical and kinetic stability of graphene oxide. Zhou S, Bongiorno A. Sci Rep. 2013 Aug 21;3:2484.
  • Coexistence of high performance resistance and capacitance memory based on multilayered metal-oxide structures. Yan ZB, Liu JM. Sci Rep. 2013 Aug 21;3:2482.
  • InP/ZnS-graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites as fascinating materials for potential optoelectronic applications. Samal M, Mohapatra P, Subbiah R, Lee CL, Anass B, Kim JA, Kim T, Yi DK. Nanoscale. 2013 Aug 21.
  • Flexible electrostatic nanogenerator using graphene oxide film. Tian H, Ma S, Zhao HM, Wu C, Ge J, Xie D, Yang Y, Ren TL. Nanoscale. 2013 Aug 21.
  • Zinc hydroxide sulphate and its transformation to crystalline zinc oxide. Moezzi A, Cortie MB, McDonagh AM. Dalton Trans. 2013 Aug 21.
  • Horace Wells' Demonstration of Nitrous Oxide in Boston. Haridas RP. Anesthesiology. 2013 Aug 19.
  • Iron oxide/gold core/shell nanomagnetic probes and CdS biolabels for amplified electrochemical immunosensing of Salmonella typhimurium. Freitas M, Viswanathan S, Nouws HP, Oliveira MB, Delerue-Matos C. Biosens Bioelectron. 2013 Aug 3;51C:195-200.
  • Au-ionic liquid functionalized reduced graphene oxide immunosensing platform for simultaneous electrochemical detection of multiple analytes. Liu N, Ma Z. Biosens Bioelectron. 2013 Aug 3;51C:184-190.
  • Interplay between autophagy and apoptosis mediated by Copper oxide nanoparticles in human breast cancer cells MCF7. Laha D, Pramanik A, Maity J, Mukherjee A, Pramanik P, Laskar A, Karmakar P. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013 Aug 17.