(2N) 99%  •  (3N) 99.9%  •  (4N) 99.99%  •  (5N) 99.999%  •  (6N) 99.9999%

OXIDE INFORMATION CENTER

AE Oxides™

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Oxyde Oxid Ossido Óxido Óxido 氧化 酸化物 Oxid

32.4 (A)/00.012


  Hydrogen                                 Helium
  Lithium Beryllium                     Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
  Sodium Magnesium                     Aluminum Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
  Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
  Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
  Cesium Barium Lanthanum Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
  Francium Radium Actinium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Ununtrium Flerovium Ununpentium Livermorium Ununseptium Ununoctium
                                     
      Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium    
      Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawerencium    

Oxide IonNearly all metals form stable crystalline oxides, which are insoluble in water. The properties of metallic oxides make them the basis for all ceramics from uses as simple as producing clay bowls to advanced electronic and solid oxide fuel cell applications.

The oxide anion, O-2, readily bonds with electropositive metallic cations, such as Yttrium (Y2O3), Hafnium (HfO2) and Scandium (Sc2O3) and transition metals such as Cobalt (CoO), Nickel (NiO) and Manganese (MnO2) to form basic anyhydrides. Electronegative anions can form soluble acidic compounds or acidic anhydrides. Some metallic oxides, such as Aluminum (Al2O3) form oxide compounds that are both acidic and basic. These oxides are referred to as amphoteric.

High Purity (99.999%) Aluminum Oxide Sputtering TargetNumerous metals exist in nature only in their oxide form and must be subsequently mined and refined. An example of elements whose metallic form must be chemically/physically reduced from the oxide is the entire rare earth or lanthanide series of elements, including Lanthanum (La2O3), Cerium (CeO2), Praseodymium (Pr6O11), Neodymium (Nd2O3), Samarium (Sm2O3), Europium (Eu2O3), Gadolinium (Gd2O3), Terbium (Tb4O7), Dysprosium (Dy2O3), Holmium (Ho2O3), Erbium (Er2O3), Thulium (Tm2O3), Ytterbium (Yb2O3), and Lutetium (Lu2O3).

In addition to oxides, fluorides tend to be the other majorgroup of metallic compounds that are insoluble in water. Many other metallic compounds, such as chlorides and nitrates, are readily soluble in water.

The oxygen ion was first identified in 1774 by Joseph Priestly, an English preacher, who was a contemporary and colleague of Benjamin Franklin. At the time, it was believed that all acids contained oxygen, and thus it was named after the Greek words gennan, meaning "generate," and oxus, meaning "acid."High Purity (99.999%) Vanadium Oxide (V2O3) Powder

Purities of American Elements oxide compounds include 99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999% and 99.9999%, which are sometimes referred to as 2N, 3N, 4N, 5N and 6N. Physical forms include nanopowder and nanoparticles, submicron, -325 mesh, rod, foil, and high surface area forms with particle distribution and size controlled and certified. We produce larger -40 mesh, -100 mesh, -200 mesh range sizes and <0.5 mm, 2 mm, 5 mm and other sizes of shot, granules, lump, flake and pieces.

American Elements also produces stable isotopes of numerous oxides, such as Dysprosium-161 Oxide, Gadolinium-156 Oxide, Lutetium-176 Oxide, Neodymium-150 Oxide, and Ytterbium-172 Oxide.


AE Oxides™ products include:

Single Element Oxides
Oxide Pellets
Oxide Pieces
Oxide Powder
Aluminum Oxide Powder
Antimony Oxide Powder
Arsenic Oxide Powder
Barium Oxide Powder
Beryllium Oxide Powder
Bismuth Oxide Powder
Boron Oxide Powder
Cadmium Oxide Powder
Calcium Oxide Powder
Cerium Oxide Powder
Cesium Oxide Powder
Chromium Oxide Powder
Cobalt Oxide Powder
Copper Oxide Powder
Dysprosium Oxide Powder
Erbium Oxide Powder
Europium Oxide Powder
Gadolinium Oxide Powder
Gallium Oxide Powder
Germanium Oxide Powder
Gold Oxide Powder
Hafnium Oxide Powder
Holmium Oxide Powder
Indium Oxide Powder
Iridium Oxide Powder
Iron Oxide Powder
Lanthanum Oxide Powder
Lead Oxide Powder
Lithium Oxide Powder
Lutetium Oxide Powder
Magnesium Oxide Powder
Manganese Oxide Powder
Mercury Oxide Powder
Molybdenum Oxide Powder
Neodymium Oxide Powder
Nickel Oxide Powder
Nickel(III) Oxide Powder
Niobium Oxide Powder
Osmium Oxide Powder
Palladium Oxide Powder
Platinum Oxide Powder
Potassium Oxide Powder
Praseodymium Oxide
Rhenium Oxide Powder
Rhodium Oxide Powder
Rubidium Oxide Powder
Ruthenium Oxide Powder
Samarium Oxide Powder
Scandium Oxide Powder
Selenium Oxide Powder
Silicon Oxide Powder
Silver Oxide Powder
Sodium Oxide Powder
Strontium Oxide Powder
Tantalum Oxide Powder
Tellurium Oxide Powder
Terbium Oxide Powder
Thallium Oxide Powder
Thorium Oxide Powder
Thullium Oxide Powder
Tin Oxide Powder
Titanium(III) Oxide Powder
Titanium(IV) Oxide Powder
Tungsten Oxide Powder
Uranium Oxide Powder
Vanadium Oxide Powder
Ytterbium Oxide Powder
Yttrium Oxide Powder
Zinc Oxide Powder
Zirconium Oxide Powder
Oxide Tablets
Oxide Shot
Oxide Nanopowder
Oxide Sputtering Targets
Other Oxide Forms
Aluminum Oxide Tablets
Antimony Oxide Tablets
Arsenic Oxide Tablets
Barium Oxide Tablets
Beryllium Oxide Tablets
Bismuth Oxide Tablets
Boron Oxide Tablets
Cadmium Oxide Tablets
Calcium Oxide Tablets
Cerium Oxide Tablets
Cesium Oxide Tablets
Chromium Oxide Tablets
Cobalt Oxide Tablets
Copper Oxide Tablets
Dysprosium Oxide Tablets
Erbium Oxide Tablets
Europium Oxide Tablets
Gadolinium Oxide Tablets
Gallium Oxide Tablets
Germanium Oxide Tablets
Gold Oxide Tablets
Hafnium Oxide Tablets
Holmium Oxide Tablets
Indium Oxide Tablets
Iridium Oxide Tablets
Iron Oxide Tablets
Lanthanum Oxide Tablets
Lead Oxide Tablets
Lithium Oxide Tablets
Lutetium Oxide Tablets
Magnesium Oxide Tablets
Manganese Oxide Tablets
Molybdenum Oxide Tablets
Neodymium Oxide Tablets
Nickel Oxide Tablets
Niobium Oxide Tablets
Osmium Oxide Tablets
Palladium Oxide Tablets
Platinum Oxide Tablets
Potassium Oxide Tablets
Praseodymium Oxide Tablets
Rhenium Oxide Tablets
Rhodium Oxide Tablets
Rubidium Oxide Tablets
Ruthenium Oxide Tablets
Samarium Oxide Tablets
Scandium Oxide Tablets
Selenium Oxide Tablets
Silicon Oxide Tablets
Silver Oxide Tablets
Sodium Oxide Tablets
Strontium Oxide Tablets
Tantalum Oxide Tablets
Tellurium Oxide Tablets
Terbium Oxide Tablets
Thallium Oxide Tablets
Thorium Oxide Tablets
Thulium Oxide Tablets
Tin Oxide Tablets
Titanium Monoxide Tablets
Titanium Oxide Tablets
Tungsten Oxide Tablets
Uranium Oxide Tablets
Vanadium Oxide Tablets
Ytterbium Oxide Tablets
Yttrium Oxide Tablets
Zinc Oxide Tablets
Zirconium Oxide Tablets
Aluminum Oxide Nanopowder
Antimony Oxide Nanopowder
Arsenic Oxide Nanopowder
Barium Oxide Nanopowder
Beryllium Oxide Nanopowder
Bismuth Oxide Nanopowder
Boron Oxide Nanopowder
Cadmium Oxide Nanopowder
Calcium Oxide Nanopowder
Cerium Oxide Nanopowder
Cesium Oxide Nanopowder
Chromium Oxide Nanopowder
Cobalt(II) Oxide Nanopowder
Cobalt(II,III) Oxide Nanopowder
Cobalt(III) Oxide Nanopowder
Dysprosium Oxide Nanopowder
Erbium Oxide Nanopowder
Europium Oxide Nanopowder
Gadolinium Oxide Nanopowder
Gallium Oxide Nanopowder
Germanium Oxide Nanopowder
Gold Oxide Nanopowder
Hafnium Oxide Nanopowder
Holmium Oxide Nanopowder
Indium Oxide Nanopowder
Iridium Oxide Nanopowder
Iron(II,III) Oxide Nanopowder
Iron(III) Oxide Nanopowder
Lanthanum Oxide Nanopowder
Lead Oxide Nanopowder
Lithium Oxide Nanopowder
Lutetium Oxide Nanopowder
Magnesium Oxide Nanopowder
Manganese Oxide Nanopowder
Molybdenum Oxide Nanopowder
Neodymium Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel(II) Oxide Nanopowder NiO
Nickel(III) Oxide Nanopowder Ni2O3
Niobium Oxide Nanopowder
Osmium Oxide Nanopowder
Palladium Oxide Nanopowder
Platinum Oxide Nanopowder
Potassium Oxide Nanopowder
Praseodymium Oxide Nanopowder
Rhenium Oxide Nanopowder
Rhodium Oxide Nanopowder
Rubidium Oxide Nanopowder
Ruthenium Oxide Nanopowder
Samarium Oxide Nanopowder
Scandium Oxide Nanopowder
Selenium Oxide Nanopowder
Silicon Oxide Nanopowder
Silver Oxide Nanopowder
Sodium Oxide Nanopowder
Strontium Oxide Nanopowder
Tantalum Oxide Nanopowder
Tellurium Oxide Nanopowder
Terbium Oxide Nanopowder
Thallium Oxide Nanopowder
Thorium Oxide Nanopowder
Thulium Oxide Nanopowder
Tin Oxide Nanopowder
Titanium Oxide Nanopowder
Titanium Oxide, Anatase Nanopowder
Titanium Oxide, Rutile Nanopowder
Titanium Oxide, Mixed Anatase-Rutile Nanopowder
Tungsten Oxide Nanopowder
Vanadium Oxide Nanopowder
Ytterbium Oxide Nanopowder
Yttrium Oxide Nanopowder
Zinc Oxide Nanopowder
Zirconium Oxide Nanopowder
Aluminum Oxide Sputtering Target
Antimony Oxide Sputtering Target
Arsenic Oxide Sputtering Target
Barium Oxide Sputtering Target
Beryllium Oxide Sputtering Target
Bismuth Oxide Sputtering Target
Boron Oxide Sputtering Target
Cadmium Oxide Sputtering Target
Calcium Oxide Sputtering Target
Cerium Oxide Sputtering Target
Cesium Oxide Sputtering Target
Chromium Oxide Sputtering Target
Cobalt Oxide Sputtering Target
Copper Oxide Sputtering Target
Dysprosium Oxide Sputtering Target
Erbium Oxide Sputtering Target
Europium Oxide Sputtering Target
Gadolinium Oxide Sputtering Target
Gallium Oxide Sputtering Target
Germanium Oxide Sputtering Target
Gold Oxide Sputtering Target
Hafnium Oxide Sputtering Target
Holmium Oxide Sputtering Target
Indium Oxide Sputtering Target
Iridium Oxide Sputtering Target
Iron Oxide Sputtering Target
Black Iron Oxide Sputtering Targets
Lanthanum Oxide Sputtering Target
Lead Oxide Sputtering Target
Lithium Oxide Sputtering Target
Lutetium Oxide Sputtering Target
Magnesium Oxide Sputtering Target
Manganese Oxide Sputtering Target
Molybdenum Oxide Sputtering Target
Neodymium Oxide Sputtering Target
Nickel Oxide Sputtering Target
Niobium Oxide Sputtering Target
Osmium Oxide Sputtering Target
Palladium Oxide Sputtering Target
Platinum Oxide Sputtering Target
Potassium Oxide Sputtering Target
Praseodymium Oxide Sputtering Target
Rhenium Oxide Sputtering Target
Rhodium Oxide Sputtering Target
Rubidium Oxide Sputtering Target
Ruthenium Oxide Sputtering Target
Samarium Oxide Sputtering Target
Scandium Oxide Sputtering Target
Selenium Oxide Sputtering Target
Silicon Oxide Sputtering Target
Silver Oxide Sputtering Target
Sodium Oxide Sputtering Target
Strontium Oxide Sputtering Target
Tantalum Oxide Sputtering Target
Tellurium Oxide Sputtering Target
Terbium Oxide Sputtering Target
Thallium Oxide Sputtering Target
Thorium Oxide Sputtering Target
Thulium Oxide Sputtering Target
Tin(II) Oxide Sputtering Target
Tin(IV) Oxide Sputtering Target
Titanium Oxide Sputtering Target
Tungsten Oxide Sputtering Target
Uranium Oxide Sputtering Target
Vanadium Oxide Sputtering Target
Ytterbium Oxide Sputtering Target
Yttrium Oxide Sputtering Target
Zinc Oxide Sputtering Target
Zirconium Oxide Sputtering Target

Alumina Balls
Alumina Ceramic Tape
Alumina Crucible
Alumina Fiber
Alumina Granule
Alumina (Mesoporous)
Alumina Nut
Alumina Paper
Alumina Rod
Alumina Sheet
Alumina Spheres
Alumina Tube
Alumina Washer
Aluminum Oxide Brick
Aluminum Oxide Brick, SK36
Aluminum Oxide Bubbles
Aluminum Oxide Foam
Aluminum Oxide Honeycomb
Aluminum Oxide Insulation Brick
Aluminum Oxide Nanowires
Aluminum Oxide Particles
Aluminum Oxide Paste
Aluminum Oxide Porous Cover Plate
Aluminum Oxide Single Crystal Substrate
Aluminum Oxide Sponge
Aluminum Oxide Wool
Black Iron Oxide Particles
Cerium Oxide Polishing Powder
Chromium Trioxide Flakes
Copper Oxide Hollow Spheres
Copper Oxide Nanospheres
Copper(II) Oxide Wire
Graphene Oxide Monolayer
Graphene Oxide Paper
Graphene Oxide Thin Film
Nickel(II) Oxide Nanowires
Magnesium Oxide Bricks
Magnesium Oxide Crucible
Magnesium Oxide Rod
Magnesium Oxide Single Crystal Substrate
Magnesium Oxide Wafer
Manganese(IV) Oxide Nanorods
Nickel(II) Oxide Nanowires
Red Iron Oxide Particles
Sapphire Monofilament
Sapphire Powder
Sapphire Prisms
Sapphire Rod
Sapphire Sheet
Sapphire Spheres
Sapphire Tube
Sapphire Wafer
Sapphire Windows
Silicon Dioxide Nanospheres
Silicon Dioxide Spheres
Silicon Oxide Hollow Nanospheres
Silicon Oxide Hollow Spheres
Silicon Oxide Wafer
Ruby Powder
Ruby Sheet
Ruby Spheres
Tin Oxide Band
Tin Oxide Coil
Tin Oxide Nanowire
Tin Oxide Spring
Tin Oxide Wire
Titanium Oxide Band
Titanium Oxide Coil
Titanium Oxide Nanospheres
Titanium Oxide Nanotubes
Titanium Oxide Nanowires
Titanium Oxide Spheres
Titanium Oxide Spring
Titanium Oxide Wire
Titanium(IV) Oxide, Rutile Single Crystal Substrate
Tungsten(VI) Oxide Nanowires
Yellow Zirconia Ball
Yttrium Oxide Sheet
Zinc Oxide Nanowire
Zirconia Ball
Zirconia Bolt
Zirconia Nut
Zirconium Oxide Crucible
Zirconium Oxide Particles
Zirconium Oxide Paste
Zirconium Oxide Porous Cover Plate
Zirconium Oxide Spheres
Multielement/Doped Oxides
Multielement Oxide Nanopowder
Other Multielement Oxide Forms
Aluminum Cerium Oxide Nanopowder
Aluminum-doped Zinc Oxide Nanopowder
Antimony Tin Oxide Nanopowder
Arsenic Oxide Nanopowder
Barium Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Barium Sulfate Nanopowder
Barium Titanium Oxide Nanopowder
Bismuth Cobalt Zinc Oxide Nanopowder
Calcium Carbon Oxide Nanopowder
Cerium Oxide, Calcium doped Nanopowder
Cerium Oxide, Gadolinium doped Nanopowder
Cerium Oxide, Samarium doped Nanopowder
Cerium Oxide, Yttria doped Nanopowder
Cerium Zirconium Oxide Nanopowder
Cesium Hydrogen Phosphorous Oxide Nanopowder
Cobalt Aluminum Oxide Nanopowder
Cobalt Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Cobalt Zinc Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Copper Zinc Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Copper Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Gallium-Doped Zinc Oxide (GZO) Nanopowder
Indium Tin Oxide Nanopowder
Iron Nickel Oxide Nanopowder
Lanthanum Strontium Manganese Oxide Nanopowder
Lithium Carbon Oxide Nanopowder
Lithium Cobalt Oxide Nanopwder
Lithium Manganese Oxide Nanopowder
Lithium Manganese Nickel Oxide Powder, Spinel
Lithium Titanate Oxide Nanopowder
Magnesium Aluminum Oxide Nanopowder
Magnesium Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Magnesium Zinc Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Manganese Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Manganese Titanium Oxide Nanopowder
Manganese Zinc Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel Chromium Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel Cobalt Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel Zinc Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Samarium Strontium Cobalt Oxide Nanopowder
Strontium Aluminum Oxide Nanopowder
Strontium Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Titanium Boron Oxide Nanopowder
Yttria-stabilized Zirconia Nanoparticles
Yttrium Aluminum Oxide Nanopowder
Yttrium Europium Oxide Nanopowder
Yttrium Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Zinc Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Zirconium(IV) Oxide Yttria stabilized Nanopowder
Zirconium(IV) Oxide Yttria stabilized Submicron Powder
Alumina-Silica Fiber
Alumina-Silica Paper
Alumina-Silica Sheet
Aluminum-doped Zinc Oxide Rotatable Sputtering Target
Aluminum-doped Zinc Oxide Sputtering Target
Antimony Oxide/Aluminum Oxide Granules
Bismuth Lanthanum Titanium Oxide Sputtering Target
Bismuth Titanium Oxide Sputtering Target
Cerium Oxide, Samarium doped Pellets
Chromium Oxide/Silicon Oxide Pieces
Copper Aluminum Oxide Sputtering Target
Copper Oxide/Aluminum Oxide Granules
Copper Oxide/Indium Oxide Granules
Indium Molybdenum Oxide Sputtering Target
Indium Tin Oxide Pieces
Indium Zinc Oxide Sputtering Target
Lanthanum Aluminum Oxide Single Crystal Substrate
Lanthanum Aluminum Oxide Sputtering Target
Lithium Manganese Nickel Oxide Electrode Sheet
Lithium Manganese Oxide, Spinel Electrode Sheet
Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Oxide Electrode Sheet
Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide Electrode Sheet
Magnesium Zinc Oxide Sputtering Target
Nickel Oxide/Yttria Stabilized Zirconia Anode Tape
Praseodymium Barium Copper Oxide Sputtering Target
Reduced Graphene Oxide Powder, decorated with Palladium Nanoparticles
Yttria Stabilized Zirconia Paste
Yttria Stabilized Zirconia Tape
Yttrium Aluminum Oxide Powder
Yttrium Aluminum Oxide Sputtering Target
Yttrium Aluminum Oxide Tablets
Zinc Aluminum Oxide Sputtering Target
Zinc Gallium Oxide Sputtering Target
Zinc Manganese Oxide Sputtering Target
Zinc Oxide/Phosphorus Oxide Sputtering Target
Zinc Tin Oxide (ZTO) Sputtering Target
Zirconia Toughened Alumina Ball
Zirconium(IV) Oxide, Yttria stabilized Pellets

 
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Recent Research & Development in Oxides

  • Ningning Dai, Zhenhua Wang, Taizhi Jiang, Jie Feng, Wang Sun, Jinshuo Qiao, David Rooney, Kening Sun, A new family of barium-doped Sr2Fe1.5Mo0.5O6−δ perovskites for application in intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Pauline Briault, Mathilde Rieu, Richard Laucournet, Bertrand Morel, Jean-Paul Viricelle, Anode supported single chamber solid oxide fuel cells operating in exhaust gases of thermal engine, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jie Xiao, Yongmin Xie, Jiang Liu, Meilin Liu, Deactivation of nickel-based anode in solid oxide fuel cells operated on carbon-containing fuels, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Hui Fan, Michael Keane, Prabhakar Singh, Minfang Han, Electrochemical performance and stability of lanthanum strontium cobalt ferrite oxygen electrode with gadolinia doped ceria barrier layer for reversible solid oxide fuel cell, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • R. Kluczowski, M. Krauz, M. Kawalec, J.P. Ouweltjes, Near net shape manufacturing of planar anode supported solid oxide fuel cells by using ceramic injection molding and screen printing, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Guoquan Yang, Jie Feng, Wang Sun, Ningning Dai, Mingyue Hou, Xiaoming Hao, Jinshuo Qiao, Kening Sun, The characteristic of strontium-site deficient perovskites SrxFe1.5Mo0.5O6−δ (x = 1.9–2.0) as intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cell cathodes, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Feng Wang, Wei Wang, Ran Ran, Moses O. Tade, Zongping Shao, Aluminum oxide as a dual-functional modifier of Ni-based anodes of solid oxide fuel cells for operation on simulated biogas, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • A.P. Khandale, S.S. Bhoga, Nd1.8Ce0.2CuO4+δ:Ce0.9Gd0.1O2−δ as a composite cathode for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Yong Li, Pei-Chen Su, Lai Mun Wong, Shijie Wang, Chemical stability study of nanoscale thin film yttria-doped barium cerate electrolyte for micro solid oxide fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Qiong Cai, Claire S. Adjiman, Nigel P. Brandon, Optimal control strategies for hydrogen production when coupling solid oxide electrolysers with intermittent renewable energies, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014