Nickel Cobalt Chromium Nanoparticles

Ni Co Cr Nanoparticles/Nanopowder

Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Nickel Cobalt Chromium Nanoparticles NICOCR-M-02-NP Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Nickel Cobalt Chromium Nanoparticles NICOCR-M-03-NP Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Nickel Cobalt Chromium Nanoparticles NICOCR-M-04-NP Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999%Nickel Cobalt Chromium Nanoparticles NICOCR-M-05-NP Contact American Elements

High Purity, D50 = +10 nanometer (nm) by SEMNickel Cobalt Chromium (NiCoCr) Nanoparticles, nanodots or nanopowder are spherical or faceted high surface area metal particles. Nanoscale Tin Particles are typically 10-20 nanometers (nm) with specific surface area (SSA) in the 30 - 60 m 2 /g range and also available in with an average particle size of 80 nm range with a specific surface area of approximately 12 m 2 /g. Nano Tin Particles are also available in Ultra high purity and high purity and coated and dispersed forms. They are also available as a nanofluid through the AE Nanofluid production group. Nanofluids are generally defined as suspended nanoparticles in solution either using surfactant or surface charge technology. Nanofluid dispersion and coating selection technical guidance is also available. Other nanostructures include nanorods, nanowhiskers, nanohorns, nanopyramids and other nanocomposites. Surface functionalized nanoparticles allow for the particles to be preferentially adsorbed at the surface interface using chemically bound polymers.

Nickel (Ni) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolNickel (atomic symbol: Ni, atomic number: 28) is a Block D, Group 4, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 58.6934. Nickel Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of nickel's shells is [2, 8, 16, 2] and its electron configuration is [Ar]3d8 4s2. Nickel was first discovered by Alex Constedt in 1751. The nickel atom has a radius of 124 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 184 pm. In its elemental form, nickel has a lustrous metallic silver appearance. Elemental Nickel Nickel is a hard and ductile transition metal that is considered corrosion-resistant because of its slow rate of oxidation. It is one of four elements that are ferromagnetic and is used in the production of various type of magnets for commercial use. Nickel is sometimes found free in nature but is more commonly found in ores. The bulk of mined nickel comes from laterite and magmatic sulfide ores. The name originates from the German word "kupfernickel," which means "false copper" from the illusory copper color of the ore. For more information on nickel, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of nickel products, visit the Nickel Information Center.


Cobalt(Co) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolCobalt (atomic symbol: Co, atomic number: 27) is a Block D, Group 9, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 58.933195.Cobalt Bohr Model The number of electrons in each of cobalt's shells is 2, 8, 15, 2 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d7 4s2The cobalt atom has a radius of 125 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 192 pm. Cobalt was first discovered by George Brandt in 1732. In its elemental form, cobalt has a lustrous gray appearance. Cobalt is found in cobaltite, erythrite, glaucodot and skutterudite ores. Elemental Cobalt Cobalt produces brilliant blue pigments which have been used since ancient times to color paint and glass. Cobalt is a ferromagnetic metal and is used primarily in the production of magnetic and high-strength superalloys. Co-60, a commercially important radioisotope, is useful as a radioactive tracer and gamma ray source. The origin of the word Cobalt comes from the German word "Kobalt" or "Kobold," which translates as "goblin," "elf" or "evil spirit." For more information on cobalt, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of cobalt products, visit the Cobalt Information Center.


Chromium (Cr) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolChromium (atomic symbol: Cr, atomic number: 24) is a Block D, Group 6, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 51.9961. Chromium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Chromium's shells is 2, 8, 13, 1 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d5 4s1. Chromium was first discovered by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin in 1797. It was first isolated in 1798, also by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin. The chromium atom has a radius of 128 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 189 pm. In its elemental form, chromium has a lustrous steel-gray appearance. Elemental ChromiumChromium is the hardest metal element in the periodic table and the only element that exhibits antiferromagnetic ordering at room temperature, above which it tranforms into a paramagnetic solid. The most common source of chromium is chromite ore (FeCr2O4). Due to its various colorful compounds, Chromium was named after the Greek word 'chroma' meaning color. For more information on chromium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of chromium products, visit the Chromium Information Center.



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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Nickel

  • Shibing Ni, Xiaohu Lv, Jianjun Ma, Xuelin Yang, Lulu Zhang, A novel electrochemical reconstruction in nickel oxide nanowalls on Ni foam and the fine electrochemical performance as anode for lithium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Rongfeng Li, Peizhen Xu, Yamin Zhao, Jing Wan, Xiaofang Liu, Ronghai Yu, The microstructures and electrochemical performances of La0.6Gd0.2Mg0.2Ni3.0Co0.5-xAlx (x=0–0.5) hydrogen storage alloys as negative electrodes for nickel/metal hydride secondary batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Jing Li, Enbo Shangguan, Dan Guo, Meng Tian, Yanbin Wang, Quanmin Li, Zhaorong Chang, Xiao-Zi Yuan, Haijiang Wang, Synthesis, characterization and electrochemical performance of high-density aluminum substituted a-nickel hydroxide cathode material for nickel-based rechargeable batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Min Kuang, Zhong Quan Wen, Xiao Long Guo, Sheng Mao Zhang, Yu Xin Zhang, Engineering firecracker-like beta-manganese dioxides@spinel nickel cobaltates nanostructures for high-performance supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Man-Ning Lu, Chao-Shuan Dai, Sheng-Yen Tai, Tsung-Wu Lin, Jeng-Yu Lin, Hierarchical nickel sulfide/carbon nanotube nanocomposite as a catalytic material toward triiodine reduction in dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Xi Ke, Yantong Xu, Changchun Yu, Jie Zhao, Guofeng Cui, Drew Higgins, Qing Li, Gang Wu, Nanoporous gold on three-dimensional nickel foam: An efficient hybrid electrode for hydrogen peroxide electroreduction in acid media, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • E. Lay-Grindler, J. Laurencin, J. Villanova, P. Cloetens, P. Bleuet, A. Mansuy, J. Mougin, G. Delette, Degradation study by 3D reconstruction of a nickel–yttria stabilized zirconia cathode after high temperature steam electrolysis operation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Chien-Te Hsieh, Yu-Fu Chen, Chun-Ting Pai, Chung-Yu Mo, Synthesis of lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide cathode materials by infrared induction heating, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • John Wang, Justin Purewal, Ping Liu, Jocelyn Hicks-Garner, Souren Soukazian, Elena Sherman, Adam Sorenson, Luan Vu, Harshad Tataria, Mark W. Verbrugge, Degradation of lithium ion batteries employing graphite negatives and nickel–cobalt–manganese oxide + spinel manganese oxide positives: Part 1, aging mechanisms and life estimation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Wei-Bin Zhang, Ling-Bin Kong, Xue-Jing Ma, Yong-Chun Luo, Long Kang, Design, synthesis and evaluation of three-dimensional Co3O4/Co3(VO4)2 hybrid nanorods on nickel foam as self-supported electrodes for asymmetric supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Wenjuan Wang, Qingli Hao, Wu Lei, Xifeng Xia, Xin Wang, Ternary nitrogen-doped graphene/nickel ferrite/polyaniline nanocomposites for high-performance supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Ming Huang, Rui Mi, Hao Liu, Fei Li, Xiao Li Zhao, Wei Zhang, Shi Xuan He, Yu Xin Zhang, Layered manganese oxides-decorated and nickel foam-supported carbon nanotubes as advanced binder-free supercapacitor electrodes, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • X.L. Xu, F. Liu, Recrystallization and twinning in rapidly solidified nickel based alloys without man-made plastic deformation, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Luke N. Carter, Christopher Martin, Philip J. Withers, Moataz M. Attallah, The influence of the laser scan strategy on grain structure and cracking behaviour in SLM powder-bed fabricated nickel superalloy, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Arman Zarebidaki, Hassan Mahmoudikohani, Mohammad-Reza Aboutalebi, Microstructure and corrosion behavior of electrodeposited nano-crystalline nickel coating on AZ91 Mg alloy, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Yanjiao Ma, Hao Li, Hui Wang, Xuefeng Mao, Vladimir Linkov, Shan Ji, Oko Unathi Gcilitshana, Rongfang Wang, Evolution of the electrocatalytic activity of carbon-supported amorphous platinum–ruthenium–nickel–phosphorous nanoparticles for methanol oxidation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jie Xiao, Yongmin Xie, Jiang Liu, Meilin Liu, Deactivation of nickel-based anode in solid oxide fuel cells operated on carbon-containing fuels, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Zhijie Wu, Xikang Mao, Qin Zi, Rongrong Zhang, Tao Dou, Alex C.K. Yip, Mechanism and kinetics of sodium borohydride hydrolysis over crystalline nickel and nickel boride and amorphous nickel–boron nanoparticles, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Ki Jae Kim, Yong Nam Jo, Won Jong Lee, T. Subburaj, K. Prasanna, Chang Woo Lee, Effects of inorganic salts on the morphological, structural, and electrochemical properties of prepared nickel-rich Li[Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2]O2, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jiaqin Yang, Wei Guo, Di Li, Caiying Wei, Hongmin Fan, Liyan Wu, Wenjun Zheng, Synthesis and electrochemical performances of novel hierarchical flower-like nickel sulfide with tunable number of composed nanoplates, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014

Recent Research & Development for Cobalt

  • Changbai Liu, Xiao Chi, Xingyi Liu, Shenglei Wang, Comparison of ethanol sensitivity based on cobalt–indium combined oxide nanotubes and nanofibers, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • E.M.S. Barbieri, E.P.C. Lima, M.F.F. Lelis, M.B.J.G. Freitas, Recycling of cobalt from spent Li-ion batteries as ß-Co(OH)2 and the application of Co3O4 as a pseudocapacitor, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Baiju Vidyadharan, Radhiyah Abd Aziz, Izan Izwan Misnon, Gopinathan M. Anil Kumar, Jamil Ismail, Mashitah M. Yusoff, Rajan Jose, High energy and power density asymmetric supercapacitors using electrospun cobalt oxide nanowire anode, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Chien-Te Hsieh, Yu-Fu Chen, Chun-Ting Pai, Chung-Yu Mo, Synthesis of lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide cathode materials by infrared induction heating, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • John Wang, Justin Purewal, Ping Liu, Jocelyn Hicks-Garner, Souren Soukazian, Elena Sherman, Adam Sorenson, Luan Vu, Harshad Tataria, Mark W. Verbrugge, Degradation of lithium ion batteries employing graphite negatives and nickel–cobalt–manganese oxide + spinel manganese oxide positives: Part 1, aging mechanisms and life estimation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • E.M.S. Barbieri, E.P.C. Lima, S.J. Cantarino, M.F.F. Lelis, M.B.J.G. Freitas, Recycling of spent ion-lithium batteries as cobalt hydroxide, and cobalt oxide films formed under a conductive glass substrate, and their electrochemical properties, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Guiqiang Wang, Juan Zhang, Shuai Kuang, Shaomin Liu, Shuping Zhuo, The production of cobalt sulfide/graphene composite for use as a low-cost counter-electrode material in dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Mohamed Bakr Mohamed, M. Yehia, Cation distribution and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline gallium substituted cobalt ferrite, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • R.K. Panda, R. Muduli, S.K. Kar, D. Behera, Dielectric relaxation and conduction mechanism of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • J.J. Ruan, C.P. Wang, S.Y. Yang, R. Kainuma, X.J. Liu, New cobalt-based intermetallic compound Co2VMn with B2 structure and phase equilibria in the Co–V–Mn ternary system, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Hui Fan, Michael Keane, Prabhakar Singh, Minfang Han, Electrochemical performance and stability of lanthanum strontium cobalt ferrite oxygen electrode with gadolinia doped ceria barrier layer for reversible solid oxide fuel cell, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Panpan Xu, Ke Ye, Dianxue Cao, Jichun Huang, Tong Liu, Kui Cheng, Jinling Yin, Guiling Wang, Facile synthesis of cobalt manganese oxides nanowires on nickel foam with superior electrochemical performance, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Hee-Je Kim, Su-Weon Kim, Chandu V.V.M. Gopi, Soo-Kyoung Kim, S. Srinivasa Rao, Myeong-Soo Jeong, Improved performance of quantum dot-sensitized solar cells adopting a highly efficient cobalt sulfide/nickel sulfide composite thin film counter electrode, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Xuefei Gong, J.P. Cheng, Fu Liu, Li Zhang, Xiaobin Zhang, Nickel–Cobalt hydroxide microspheres electrodepositioned on nickel cobaltite nanowires grown on Ni foam for high-performance pseudocapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Pouyan Paknahad, Masoud Askari, Milad Ghorbanzadeh, Application of sol–gel technique to synthesis of copper–cobalt spinel on the ferritic stainless steel used for solid oxide fuel cell interconnects, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Alexander Schenk, Christoph Grimmer, Markus Perchthaler, Stephan Weinberger, Birgit Pichler, Christoph Heinzl, Christina Scheu, Franz-Andreas Mautner, Brigitte Bitschnau, Viktor Hacker, Platinum–cobalt catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction in high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells – Long term behavior under ex-situ and in-situ conditions, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Yaoming Xiao, Wei-Yan Wang, Shu-Wei Chou, Tsung-Wu Lin, Jeng-Yu Lin, In situ electropolymerization of polyaniline/cobalt sulfide decorated carbon nanotube composite catalyst toward triiodide reduction in dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Robert Iano?, Highly sinterable cobalt ferrite particles prepared by a modified solution combustion synthesis, Materials Letters, Volume 135, 15 November 2014
  • Songying Liu, Ling Zhou, Liyuan Yao, Liya Chai, Li Li, Guo Zhang, Kankan, Keying Shi, One-pot reflux method synthesis of cobalt hydroxide nanoflake-reduced graphene oxide hybrid and their NOx gas sensors at room temperature, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • M.B. Lourenço, M.D. Carvalho, P. Fonseca, T. Gasche, G. Evans, M. Godinho, M.M. Cruz, Stability and magnetic properties of cobalt nitrides, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014

Recent Research & Development for Chromium

  • Zhiwei Zhao, Hongjuan Zheng, Shaojing Liu, Jianhong Shen, Weiqiang Song, Jinshen Chen, Low temperature synthesis of chromium carbide (Cr3C2) nanopowders by a novel precursor method, International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, Volume 48, January 2015
  • Meike V.F. Schlupp, Ji Woo Kim, Aude Brevet, Cyril Rado, Karine Couturier, Ulrich F. Vogt, Florence Lefebvre-Joud, Andreas Züttel, Avoiding chromium transport from stainless steel interconnects into contact layers and oxygen electrodes in intermediate temperature solid oxide electrolysis stacks, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • T.J. Pan, B. Zhang, J. Li, Y.X. He, F. Lin, An investigation on corrosion protection of chromium nitride coated Fe–Cr alloy as a bipolar plate material for proton exchange membrane fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Chun Wu, Jiao Gao, Qinglan Zhao, Youwei Zhang, Yansong Bai, Xingyan Wang, Xianyou Wang, Preparation and supercapacitive behaviors of the ordered mesoporous/microporous chromium carbide-derived carbons, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Hui Zhang, Yong Zou, Zengda Zou, Chuanwei Shi, Effects of chromium addition on microstructure and properties of TiC–VC reinforced Fe-based laser cladding coatings, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 614, 25 November 2014
  • W. Weglewski, M. Basista, A. Manescu, M. Chmielewski, K. Pietrzak, Th. Schubert, Effect of grain size on thermal residual stresses and damage in sintered chromium–alumina composites: Measurement and modeling, Composites Part B: Engineering, Volume 67, November 2014
  • Suchinder K. Sharma, Aurelie Bessière, Neelima Basavaraju, Kaustubh R. Priolkar, Laurent Binet, Bruno Viana, Didier Gourier, Interplay between chromium content and lattice disorder on persistent luminescence of ZnGa2O4:Cr3+ for in vivo imaging, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • M. Hubert, A.J. Faber, F. Akmaz, H. Sesigur, E. Alejandro, T. Maehara, S.R. Kahl, Stabilization of divalent chromium Cr(II) in soda–lime–silicate glasses, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 403, 1 November 2014
  • Josip Brnic, Goran Turkalj, Sanjin Krscanski, Domagoj Lanc, Marko Canadija, Marino Brcic, Information relevant for the design of structure: Ferritic – Heat resistant high chromium steel X10CrAlSi25, Materials & Design, Volume 63, November 2014
  • Xingjian Gao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Sihai Jiao, Dengfu Chen, Jianzhong Xu, Xiaoming Zhang, Dianyao Gong, Effects of temperature and strain rate on microstructure and mechanical properties of high chromium cast iron/low carbon steel bimetal prepared by hot diffusion-compression bonding, Materials & Design, Volume 63, November 2014
  • Sergio Efrain Gomez-Gonzalez, Gregorio Guadalupe Carbajal-Arizaga, Ricardo Manriquez-Gonzalez, Wencel De la Cruz-Hernandez, Sergio Gomez-Salazar, Trivalent chromium removal from aqueous solutions by a sol–gel synthesized silica adsorbent functionalized with sulphonic acid groups, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 59, November 2014
  • Fei Wang, Lei Feng, Dongmei Zhang, Qingguo Tang, Dan Feng, A first-principles calculation on electronic structure and optical performance of chromium and nitrogen codoped anatase titanium dioxide, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014
  • Mansoo Park, Kathleen C. Alexander, Christopher A. Schuh, Diffusion of tungsten in chromium: Experiments and atomistic modeling, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014
  • T.D. Kelly, E. Echeverria, Sumit Beniwal, V.T. Adamiv, Ya. V. Burak, Axel Enders, J.C. Petrosky, J.W. McClory, P.A. Dowben, The chromium site in doped glassy lithium tetraborate, Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 147, Issue 3, 15 October 2014
  • Jun-Yun Kang, Yoon-Uk Heo, Hoyoung Kim, Dong-Woo Suh, Dongmin Son, Dong Hee Lee, Tae-Ho Lee, Effect of copper addition on the characteristics of high-carbon and high-chromium steels, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Volume 614, 22 September 2014
  • Fei Ma, Shu Chen, Yanhua Li, Hang Zhou, Aixin Xu, Weimin Lu, Nano-MgO supported CrOx catalysts applied in propane oxidative dehydrogenation: Relationship between active chromium phases and propane reaction pathway, Applied Surface Science, Volume 313, 15 September 2014
  • Bhavna A. Shah, Chirag B. Mistry, Ajay V. Shah, Detoxification of hexavalent chromium using hydrothermally modified agricultural detritus into mesoporous zeolitic materials, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 196, 15 September 2014
  • F.E. Castillejo, D.M. Marulanda, J.J. Olaya, J.E. Alfonso, Wear and corrosion resistance of niobium–chromium carbide coatings on AISI D2 produced through TRD, Surface and Coatings Technology, Volume 254, 15 September 2014
  • Feixiang Wu, Xinhai Li, Zhixing Wang, Huajun Guo, Synthesis of chromium-doped lithium titanate microspheres as high-performance anode material for lithium ion batteries, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part B, September 2014
  • S. Santhosh, N. Lakshminarasimhan, Impedance spectroscopic studies, dielectric properties and microstructure of rutile type chromium niobate CrNbO4, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part A, September 2014