Vanadium Coins

High Purity V Coins
CAS 7440-62-2


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Vanadium Coins V-M-02-BCN Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Vanadium Coins V-M-03-BCN Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Vanadium Coins V-M-04-BCN Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Vanadium Coins V-M-05-BCN Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
V 7440-62-2 24855937 23990 MFCD00011453  231-171-1 N/A [V] InChI=1S/V LEONUFNNVUYDNQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Tensile Strength Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Eletronegativity Specific Heat Heat of Vaporization Heat of Fusion MSDS
163.00 Silver-Grey 6.11 gm/cc N/A 1890 °C 3380 °C 0.307 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K  25.4 microhm-cm @ 20 oC °C 1.6 Paulings  0.116 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C 106 K-Cal/gm atom at 3380 °C 4.20 Cal/gm mole Safety Data Sheet

American Elements' AE Bullion™ group mints certified high purity Vanadium Coins from laboratory certified engineered materials with properties applicable to chemical vapor deposition (CVD) for thin film and laboratory standard impurity levels for short and long term physical possession and to allow for exposure and controlled risk to industrial demand fluctuations reflected in the global vanadium price. Coins are manufactured and minted under written SOPs (standard operating procedures) to assure quality and consistency by American Elements' AE Metals™ High Purity (99.99%) Metallic Coinscustom synthesis and refining group. Besides vanadium coins, vanadium bars and vanadium Ingots may be purchased by funds, currency reserves, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), private investors, collectors and hobbyists to take direct physical title and possession of the metal with risk exposure from shortages or chemical/physical technology changes, such as in solar energy, and fuel cell developments, equivalent to movements in the industrial application price of Vanadium. American Elements offers bonded short and long term warehouse inventory services for AE Bullion™ coins to investors, funds and collectors who do not wish to take physical custody of the metal or lack secure storage or warehouse capabilities. The lowest possible coin unit price to Vanadium melt value ratio is maintained through state of the art mint and die systems and analytically certified rounds (planchet or flan) refined and pressed to exacting purity and weight. We also produce Vanadium as rod, pellets, powder, pieces, granules, ingot, wire, and in compound forms, such as oxide. Vanadium Coins may be purchased in bulk or small quantity. Portfolios of different elemental metal coins or bars may also be structured and purchased from the AE Bullion™ group allowing for strategic risk allocation and indexing across a basket of metals.

Vanadium (V) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolVanadium (atomic symbol: V, atomic number: 23) is a Block D, Group 5, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 50.9415. Vanadium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Vanadium's shells is 2, 8, 11, 2 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d3 4s2. The vanadium atom has a radius of 134 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 179 pm. Vanadium was discovered by Andres Manuel del Rio in 1801 and first isolated by Nils Gabriel Sefström in 1830. In its elemental form, vanadium has a bluish-silver appearance. Elemental VanadiumIt is a hard, ductile transition metal that is primarily used as a steel additive and in alloys such as Titanium-6AL-4V, which is composed of titanium, aluminum, and vanadium and is the most common titanium alloy commercially produced. Vanadium is found in fossil fuel deposits and 65 different minerals. Vanadium is not found free in nature; however, once isolated it forms an oxide layer that stabilizes the free metal against further oxidation. Vanadium was named after the word "Vanadis" meaning goddess of beauty in Scandinavian mythology. For more information on vanadium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of vanadium products, visit the Vanadium Information Center.

HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
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36/37/38
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YW1355000
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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Vanadium

  • Chih-Wei Hu, Tsan-Yao Chen, Kai-Sheng Shih, Pin-Jiun Wu, Hui-Chia Su, Ching-Yu Chiang, An-Feng Huang, Han-Wei Hsieh, Chia-Chin Chang, Bor-Yuan Shew, Chih-Hao Lee, Real-time investigation on the influences of vanadium additives to the structural and chemical state evolutions of LiFePO4 for enhancing the electrochemical performance of lithium-ion battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Rajagopalan Badrinarayanan, Jiyun Zhao, K.J. Tseng, Maria Skyllas-Kazacos, Extended dynamic model for ion diffusion in all-vanadium redox flow battery including the effects of temperature and bulk electrolyte transfer, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Guanjie Wei, Xinzhuang Fan, Jianguo Liu, Chuanwei Yan, Investigation of the electrospun carbon web as the catalyst layer for vanadium redox flow battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Yuexia Yang, Wenwen Xu, Ruisong Guo, Lan Liu, Shanshan Wang, Dong Xie, Yizao Wan, Synthesis and electrochemical properties of Zn-doped, carbon coated lithium vanadium phosphate cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Nicholas S. Hudak, Practical thermodynamic quantities for aqueous vanadium- and iron-based flow batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Mulan Qin, Qiang Liang, Anqiang Pan, Shuquan Liang, Qing Zhang, Yan Tang, Xiaoping Tan, Template-free synthesis of vanadium oxides nanobelt arrays as high-rate cathode materials for lithium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • V.K. Yu, D. Chen, Peak power prediction of a vanadium redox flow battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • M. Lindvall, J. Gran, D. Sichen, Determination of the vanadium solubility in the Al2O3–CaO (25 mass%)–SiO2 system, Calphad, Volume 47, December 2014
  • T. Muroga, J.M. Chen, V.M. Chernov, R.J. Kurtz, M. Le Flem, Present status of vanadium alloys for fusion applications, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • Kameel Arshad, Ming-Yue Zhao, Yue Yuan, Ying Zhang, Zhen-Hua Zhao, Bo Wang, Zhang-Jian Zhou, Guang-Hong Lu, Effects of vanadium concentration on the densification, microstructures and mechanical properties of tungsten vanadium alloys, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • David McNulty, D. Noel Buckley, Colm O'Dwyer, Synthesis and electrochemical properties of vanadium oxide materials and structures as Li-ion battery positive electrodes, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Hyun-Seok Cho, Masato Ohashi, J.W. Van Zee, Absorption behavior of vanadium in Nafion®, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Min Chen, Lei Xu, Wei-jun Huang, Xue-liang Yin, Nan Wang, Properties of MgO–Fe–C refractories as linings of vanadium-extraction converter, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 15, December 2014
  • Danmei Yu, Yajuan Qiao, Xiaoyuan Zhou, Jie Wang, Chao Li, Changguo Chen, Qisheng Huo, Mica-like vanadium pentoxide-nanostructured thin film as high-performance cathode for lithium-ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Xiaona Hu, Zhe Yan, Qi Li, Qian Yang, Liping Kang, Zhibin Lei, Zong-Huai Liu, Graphene/vanadium oxide hybrid electrodes for electrochemical capacitor, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 461, 5 November 2014
  • Julia Melke, Peter Jakes, Joachim Langner, Lars Riekehr, Ulrike Kunz, Zhirong Zhao-Karger, Alexei Nefedov, Hikmet Sezen, Christof Wöll, Helmut Ehrenberg, Christina Roth, Carbon materials for the positive electrode in all-vanadium redox flow batteries, Carbon, Volume 78, November 2014
  • Kang Zhao, Letian Teng, Yufei Tang, Xi Chen, Branched titanium oxide/vanadium oxide composite nanofibers formed by electrospinning and dipping in vanadium sol, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part B, November 2014
  • T. Herr, P. Fischer, J. Tübke, K. Pinkwart, P. Elsner, Increasing the energy density of the non-aqueous vanadium redox flow battery with the acetonitrile-1,3-dioxolane–dimethyl sulfoxide solvent mixture, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Dong-Hong Qiu, Qi-Ye Wen, Qing-Hui Yang, Zhi Chen, Yu-Lan Jing, Huai-Wu Zhang, Electrically-driven metal–insulator transition of vanadium dioxide thin films in a metal–oxide-insulator–metal device structure, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Lunzhen Wei, Yuhang Wang, Yanli Wang, Ming Xu, Gengfeng Zheng, Morphology-dependent vanadium oxide nanostructures grown on Ti foil for Li-ion battery, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 432, 15 October 2014