Vanadium Coins

High Purity V Coins
CAS 7440-62-2

Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Vanadium Coins V-M-02-BCN Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Vanadium Coins V-M-03-BCN Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Vanadium Coins V-M-04-BCN Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Vanadium Coins V-M-05-BCN Contact American Elements

Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No Beilstein
Re. No.
V 7440-62-2 24855937 23990 MFCD00011453  231-171-1 N/A [V] InChI=1S/V LEONUFNNVUYDNQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Tensile Strength Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Eletronegativity Specific Heat Heat of Vaporization Heat of Fusion MSDS
163.00 Silver-Grey 6.11 gm/cc N/A 1890 °C 3380 °C 0.307 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K  25.4 microhm-cm @ 20 oC °C 1.6 Paulings  0.116 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C 106 K-Cal/gm atom at 3380 °C 4.20 Cal/gm mole Safety Data Sheet

American Elements' AE Bullion™ group mints certified high purity Vanadium Coins from laboratory certified engineered materials with properties applicable to chemical vapor deposition (CVD) for thin film and laboratory standard impurity levels for short and long term physical possession and to allow for exposure and controlled risk to industrial demand fluctuations reflected in the global vanadium price. Coins are manufactured and minted under written SOPs (standard operating procedures) to assure quality and consistency by American Elements' AE Metals™ High Purity (99.99%) Metallic Coinscustom synthesis and refining group. Besides vanadium coins, vanadium bars and vanadium Ingots may be purchased by funds, currency reserves, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), private investors, collectors and hobbyists to take direct physical title and possession of the metal with risk exposure from shortages or chemical/physical technology changes, such as in solar energy, and fuel cell developments, equivalent to movements in the industrial application price of Vanadium. American Elements offers bonded short and long term warehouse inventory services for AE Bullion™ coins to investors, funds and collectors who do not wish to take physical custody of the metal or lack secure storage or warehouse capabilities. The lowest possible coin unit price to Vanadium melt value ratio is maintained through state of the art mint and die systems and analytically certified rounds (planchet or flan) refined and pressed to exacting purity and weight. We also produce Vanadium as rod, pellets, powder, pieces, granules, ingot, wire, and in compound forms, such as oxide. Vanadium Coins may be purchased in bulk or small quantity. Portfolios of different elemental metal coins or bars may also be structured and purchased from the AE Bullion™ group allowing for strategic risk allocation and indexing across a basket of metals.

Vanadium (V) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolVanadium (atomic symbol: V, atomic number: 23) is a Block D, Group 5, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 50.9415. Vanadium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Vanadium's shells is 2, 8, 11, 2 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d3 4s2. The vanadium atom has a radius of 134 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 179 pm. Vanadium was discovered by Andres Manuel del Rio in 1801 and first isolated by Nils Gabriel Sefström in 1830. In its elemental form, vanadium has a bluish-silver appearance. Elemental VanadiumIt is a hard, ductile transition metal that is primarily used as a steel additive and in alloys such as Titanium-6AL-4V, which is composed of titanium, aluminum, and vanadium and is the most common titanium alloy commercially produced. Vanadium is found in fossil fuel deposits and 65 different minerals. Vanadium is not found free in nature; however, once isolated it forms an oxide layer that stabilizes the free metal against further oxidation. Vanadium was named after the word "Vanadis" meaning goddess of beauty in Scandinavian mythology. For more information on vanadium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of vanadium products, visit the Vanadium Information Center.


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Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.

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Recent Research & Development for Vanadium

  • Irvin Noel Booysen, Thulani Hlela, Matthew Piers Akerman, Bheki Xulu, Mono- and polynuclear vanadium(IV) and -(V) compounds with 2-substituted phenyl/pyridyl heterocyclic chelates, Polyhedron, Volume 85, 8 January 2015
  • Jaeheon Choe, Ki Hyun Kim, Dai Gil Lee, Corrugated carbon/epoxy composite bipolar plate for vanadium redox flow batteries, Composite Structures, Volume 119, January 2015
  • Xiaolong Chen, Xueqiang Cao, Binglin Zou, Jun Gong, Chao Sun, High-temperature corrosion behaviour of plasma sprayed lanthanum magnesium hexaluminate coating by vanadium oxide, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 35, Issue 1, January 2015
  • Liang Chen, Xin Gu, Xiaolei Jiang, Nana Wang, Jie Yue, Huayun Xu, Jian Yang, Yitai Qian, Hierarchical vanadium pentoxide microflowers with excellent long-term cyclability at high rates for lithium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 272, 25 December 2014
  • Xiangguo Teng, Jicui Dai, Fangyuan Bi, Geping Yin, Ultra-thin polytetrafluoroethene/Nafion/silica composite membrane with high performance for vanadium redox flow battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 272, 25 December 2014
  • Zhaohua Li, Le Liu, Lihong Yu, Lei Wang, Jingyu Xi, Xinping Qiu, Liquan Chen, Characterization of sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone)/poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) composite membrane for vanadium redox flow battery application, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 272, 25 December 2014
  • Lulu Si, Zhengqiu Yuan, Lei Hu, Yongchun Zhu, Yitai Qian, Uniform and continuous carbon coated sodium vanadium phosphate cathode materials for sodium-ion battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 272, 25 December 2014
  • F.T. Wandschneider, D. Finke, S. Grosjean, P. Fischer, K. Pinkwart, J. Tübke, H. Nirschl, Model of a vanadium redox flow battery with an anion exchange membrane and a Larminie-correction, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 272, 25 December 2014
  • Irene Osada, Jan von Zamory, Elie Paillard, Stefano Passerini, Improved lithium-metal/vanadium pentoxide polymer battery incorporating crosslinked ternary polymer electrolyte with N-butyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(perfluoromethanesulfonyl)imide, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 271, 20 December 2014
  • Jiawei Sun, Xianfeng Li, Xiaoli Xi, Qinzhi Lai, Tao Liu, Huamin Zhang, The transfer behavior of different ions across anion and cation exchange membranes under vanadium flow battery medium, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 271, 20 December 2014