Vanadium Coins

High Purity V Coins
CAS 7440-62-2


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Vanadium Coins V-M-02-BCN Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Vanadium Coins V-M-03-BCN Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Vanadium Coins V-M-04-BCN Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Vanadium Coins V-M-05-BCN Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
V 7440-62-2 24855937 23990 MFCD00011453  231-171-1 N/A [V] InChI=1S/V LEONUFNNVUYDNQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Tensile Strength Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Eletronegativity Specific Heat Heat of Vaporization Heat of Fusion MSDS
163.00 Silver-Grey 6.11 gm/cc N/A 1890 °C 3380 °C 0.307 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K  25.4 microhm-cm @ 20 oC °C 1.6 Paulings  0.116 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C 106 K-Cal/gm atom at 3380 °C 4.20 Cal/gm mole Safety Data Sheet

American Elements' AE Bullion™ group mints certified high purity Vanadium Coins from laboratory certified engineered materials with properties applicable to chemical vapor deposition (CVD) for thin film and laboratory standard impurity levels for short and long term physical possession and to allow for exposure and controlled risk to industrial demand fluctuations reflected in the global vanadium price. Coins are manufactured and minted under written SOPs (standard operating procedures) to assure quality and consistency by American Elements' AE Metals™ High Purity (99.99%) Metallic Coinscustom synthesis and refining group. Besides vanadium coins, vanadium bars and vanadium Ingots may be purchased by funds, currency reserves, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), private investors, collectors and hobbyists to take direct physical title and possession of the metal with risk exposure from shortages or chemical/physical technology changes, such as in solar energy, and fuel cell developments, equivalent to movements in the industrial application price of Vanadium. American Elements offers bonded short and long term warehouse inventory services for AE Bullion™ coins to investors, funds and collectors who do not wish to take physical custody of the metal or lack secure storage or warehouse capabilities. The lowest possible coin unit price to Vanadium melt value ratio is maintained through state of the art mint and die systems and analytically certified rounds (planchet or flan) refined and pressed to exacting purity and weight. We also produce Vanadium as rod, pellets, powder, pieces, granules, ingot, wire, and in compound forms, such as oxide. Vanadium Coins may be purchased in bulk or small quantity. Portfolios of different elemental metal coins or bars may also be structured and purchased from the AE Bullion™ group allowing for strategic risk allocation and indexing across a basket of metals.

Vanadium (V) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolVanadium (atomic symbol: V, atomic number: 23) is a Block D, Group 5, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 50.9415. Vanadium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Vanadium's shells is 2, 8, 11, 2 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d3 4s2. The vanadium atom has a radius of 134 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 179 pm. Vanadium was discovered by Andres Manuel del Rio in 1801 and first isolated by Nils Gabriel Sefström in 1830. In its elemental form, vanadium has a bluish-silver appearance. Elemental VanadiumIt is a hard, ductile transition metal that is primarily used as a steel additive and in alloys such as Titanium-6AL-4V, which is composed of titanium, aluminum, and vanadium and is the most common titanium alloy commercially produced. Vanadium is found in fossil fuel deposits and 65 different minerals. Vanadium is not found free in nature; however, once isolated it forms an oxide layer that stabilizes the free metal against further oxidation. Vanadium was named after the word "Vanadis" meaning goddess of beauty in Scandinavian mythology. For more information on vanadium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of vanadium products, visit the Vanadium Information Center.

HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Vanadium

  • Vanadium and cancer treatment: Antitumoral mechanisms of three oxidovanadium(IV) complexes on a human osteosarcoma cell line. León IE, Butenko N, Di Virgilio AL, Muglia CI, Baran EJ, Cavaco I, Etcheverry SB. J Inorg Biochem. 2014.
  • Local vanadium release from a calcium sulfate carrier accelerates fracture healing. Paglia DN, Wey A, Hreha J, Park AG, Cunningham C, Uko L, Benevenia J, O'Connor JP, Lin SS. J Orthop Res. 2014.
  • Assessing human exposure to aluminium, chromium and vanadium through outdoor dust ingestion in the Bassin Minier de Provence, France. Reis AP, Patinha C, Noack Y, Robert S, Dias AC. Environ Geochem Health. 2014.
  • Preparation and characterization of chitosan-zirconium(IV) composite for adsorption of vanadium(V). Zhang L, Liu X, Xia W, Zhang W. Int J Biol Macromol. 2014 Mar.
  • Vanadium uptake and translocation in dominant plant species on an urban coastal brownfield site. Qian Y, Gallagher FJ, Feng H, Wu M, Zhu Q. Sci Total Environ. 2014.
  • Enhanced electrochemical performance of ammonium vanadium bronze through sodium cation intercalation and optimization of electrolyte. Fei H, Liu X, Li H, Wei M. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2014 Mar.
  • Direct synthesis of novel vanadium oxide embedded porous carbon nanofiber decorated with iron nanoparticles as a low-cost and highly efficient visible-light-driven photocatalyst. Taha AA, Hriez AA, Wu YN, Wang H, Li F. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2014 Mar.
  • Is the hypoglycemic action of vanadium compounds related to the suppression of feeding? Huang M, Wu Y, Wang N, Wang Z, Zhao P, Yang X. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2014.
  • Validation of a method to quantify titanium, vanadium and zirconium in oral mucosa cells by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Talanta. 2014 create date:2013/11/28 | first author:Martín-Cameán A.
  • Sex differences in blood genotoxic and cytotoxic effects as a consequence of vanadium inhalation: micronucleus assay evaluation. Rojas-Lemus M, Altamirano-Lozano M, Fortoul TI. J Appl Toxicol. 2014.
  • Is the Hypoglycemic Action of Vanadium Compounds Related to the Suppression of Feeding? Huang M, Wu Y, Wang N, Wang Z, Zhao P, Yang X. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2014.
  • Carbon black anchored vanadium oxide nanobelts and their post-sintering counterpart (V2O5 nanobelts) as high performance cathode materials for lithium ion batteries. Zhou X, Wu G, Wu J, Yang H, Wang J, Gao G. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2014 Jan.
  • Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometric detection of vanadium in water and food samples after solid phase extraction on multiwalled carbon nanotubes. Wadhwa SK, Tuzen M, Gul Kazi T, Soylak M. Talanta. 2013 Nov
  • Interfacial reaction of water ice on polycrystalline vanadium and its effects on thermal desorption of water. Souda R. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2014 Jan.
  • Leaching characteristics of vanadium in mine tailings and soils near a vanadium titanomagnetite mining site. Yang J, Tang Y, Yang K, Rouff AA, Elzinga EJ, Huang JH. J Hazard Mater. 2014 Jan
  • Supercritically exfoliated ultrathin vanadium pentoxide nanosheets with high rate capability for lithium batteries. An Q, Wei Q, Mai L, Fei J, Xu X, Zhao Y, Yan M, Zhang P, Huang S. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2013.
  • Structural diversity in hybrid vanadium(iv) oxyfluorides based on a common building block. Dalton Trans. 2014 create date:2013/10/17 | first author:Aidoudi FH
  • (OC-6-13)-Difluoridooxidobis(propan-2-ol)(propan-2-olato)vanadium(V). Acta Crystallogr C. 2013 create date:2013/12/07 | first author:Kohl J
  • Gypsum addition to soils contaminated by red mud: implications for aluminium, arsenic, molybdenum and vanadium solubility. Lehoux AP, Lockwood CL, Mayes WM, Stewart DI, Mortimer RJ, Gruiz K, Burke IT. Environ Geochem Health. 2013.
  • Influence of vanadium doping on the electrochemical performance of nickel oxide in supercapacitors. Park HW, Na BK, Cho BW, Park SM, Roh KC. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2013.