A fluorescence turn-on biosensor based on graphene quantum dots (GQDs) and molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanosheets for epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) detection.

Author(s) Shi, J.; Lyu, J.; Tian, F.; Yang, M.
Journal Biosens Bioelectron
Date Published 2017 Jul 15

This paper presents a "turn-on" fluorescence biosensor based on graphene quantum dots (GQDs) and molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanosheets for rapid and sensitive detection of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM). PEGylated GQDs were used as donor molecules, which could not only largely increase emission intensity but also prevent non-specific adsorption of PEGylated GQD on MoS2 surface. The sensing platform was realized by adsorption of PEGylated GQD labelled EpCAM aptamer onto MoS2 surface via van der Waals force. The fluorescence signal of GQD was then quenched by MoS2 nanosheets via fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) mechanism. In the presence of EpCAM protein, the stronger specific affinity interaction between aptamer and EpCAM protein could detach GQD labelled EpCAM aptamer from MoS2 nanosheets, leading to the restoration of fluorescence intensity. By monitoring the change of fluorescence signal, the target EpCAM protein could be detected sensitively and selectively with a linear detection range from 3nM to 54nM and limit of detection (LOD) around 450pM. In addition, this nanobiosensor has been successfully used for EpCAM-expressed breast cancer MCF-7 cell detection.

DOI 10.1016/j.bios.2016.09.012
Keywords Aptamers, Nucleotide; Biosensing Techniques; Disulfides; Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule; Fluorescence; Graphite; Humans; MCF-7 Cells; Molybdenum; Quantum Dots
ISSN 1873-4235
Citation Biosens Bioelectron. 2017;93:182188.

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