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Antimony mobility from E-waste plastic in simulated municipal solid waste landfills.

Author(s) Intrakamhaeng, V.; Clavier, K.A.; Liu, Y.; Townsend, T.G.
Journal Chemosphere
Date Published 2020 Feb
Abstract

The fate of antimony (Sb) leached from electronic and electrical equipment plastic when disposed of in a municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill was assessed using simulated anaerobic landfill lysimeters and three different batch leaching tests: toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), EPA method 1313, and MSW leachate extractions. Plastic from cathode ray tube televisions sets was noted to have the highest Sb concentrations, and was thus the focus of the study. Sb leachability from EPA 1313 stat and TCLP were similar at approximately 0.1% by weight at the same pH (4.93), while MSW landfill leachates extracted less Sb at approximately 0.02% by weight. Solution pH was not the controlling factor, and other conditions resulting from the landfill leachate resulted in lower concentrations of leached Sb. In simulated landfill experiments, Sb leached at approximately 0.01% by weight after a liquid-to-solid ratio of 3. Sb behaves differently in the landfill environment than arsenic leaching from a similar study, most likely from the reducing conditions brought on by the decomposing waste.

DOI 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125042
ISSN 1879-1298
Citation Intrakamhaeng V, Clavier KA, Liu Y, Townsend TG. Antimony mobility from E-waste plastic in simulated municipal solid waste landfills. Chemosphere. 2020;241:125042.