Aqueous Hg(II) immobilization by chitosan stabilized magnetic iron sulfide nanoparticles.

Author(s) Sun, M.; Cheng, G.; Ge, X.; Chen, M.; Wang, C.; Lou, L.; Xu, X.
Journal Sci Total Environ
Date Published 2018 Apr 15

Stabilized iron sulfide (FeS) nanoparticles have been proven effective in the adsorption of Hg from the water environment. However, previous work with these nanoparticles determined that the separation from the treated water was difficult and time-consuming. In this study, nanoscale FeS-FeOnanocomposites were firstly synthesized with chitosan as the stabilizer (CTO-MFeS). Then, the Hg adsorption capacity and mechanism were studied. Results showed that the size of the prepared nanoparticles was about 20nm and the specific surface area was 21.3m/g. Hg removal by the CTO-MFeS nanoparticles involved both adsorption and precipitation. Further investigation with XPS showed that Hgwas adsorbed on the surface of the CTO-MFeS nanoparticles and reacted with CTO-MFeS to form HgS and [FeHg]S. It was also found as pH decreased below 4, the adsorption capacity of CTO-MFeS was significantly reduced that might be due to the dissolving of Fe. Additionally, the presence of Clresulted in the transformation of Hgto HgClx(x=1, 2, 3, 4) that competed with OH in solution for Hgand therefore inhibited the adsorption of Hg. Our findings provide additional information that may be useful for a theoretical basis for Hg treatment in water environment.

DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.10.119
ISSN 1879-1026
Citation Sci Total Environ. 2018;621:10741083.

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