Arsenic surface complexation behavior in aqueous systems onto Al substituted Ni, Co, Mn, and Cu based ferrite nano adsorbents.

Author(s) Penke, Y.K.; Tiwari, N.; Jha, S.; Bhattacharyya, D.; Ramkumar, J.; Kar, K.K.
Journal J Hazard Mater
Date Published 2019 Jan 05
Abstract

The present study is about surface complexation behavior of arsenic species adsorbed onto ternary metal oxide adsorbents (Ni-Al-Fe, Co-Al-Fe, Mn-Al-Fe, and Cu-Al-Fe). The analysis is carried out by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) tool. XANES (μ(E) vs. E) spectra close to the absorption edge (i.e., As K-edge) of all samples are observed along with the As(III) and As(V) standards. The first derivative of XANES for Ni-As(V), and Cu-As(V) samples agree with that of As(V) standards, respectively. Whereas, As(III) adsorbed adsorbent systems (i.e., Ni, Co, Mn, and Cu) are observed with mixed oxidation state of arsenic. A total of 65-85 % is observed with initial oxidation state (As(III) or As(V)), and remaining 15-35 % is observed with modified oxidation state (As(V) or As(III)) that explains the occurrence of possible charge transfer. EXAFS analysis shows the As-O bond distances in the range of 1.7-1.8 Å. The corresponding As-M bond distances are around 2.7, 3.2, and 3.6 Å which confirms the formation various edge sharing (E), and corner sharing (C, V) surface complexes. Surface coverage is understood as an important parameter as bidentate attachments (E, C) are evident in As(III), and As(V), but monodentate attachments (V) are only observed in As(V).

DOI 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.07.056
ISSN 1873-3336
Citation Penke YK, Tiwari N, Jha S, Bhattacharyya D, Ramkumar J, Kar KK. Arsenic surface complexation behavior in aqueous systems onto Al substituted Ni, Co, Mn, and Cu based ferrite nano adsorbents. J Hazard Mater. 2019;361:383-393.

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