Author(s) ElAlfy, M.Saleh; El-Farrash, R.Ali; Taha, H.Mohammed; Ismail, E.Abdel; Mokhtar, N.Ahmed
Journal J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med
Date Published 2020 06

Iron is crucial for fetal brain development; however, there are insufficient data regarding the effects of maternal iron deficiency anemia (IDA) on auditory neural maturation. We evaluated the effect of maternal IDA on auditory brainstem response (ABR) in full-term neonates. Out of 223 pregnant women, 50 were diagnosed as having IDA and 50 healthy mothers were enrolled as controls. ABR test was done for the studied neonates within 48 hours after birth and at 3 months. We found that hemoglobin and iron profile were lower in neonates born to anemic mothers compared with controls. Of 100 neonates screened for ABR, 25 failed the test (all of them were born to anemic mothers). The majority of neonates who failed the screening ABR test (88%) had latent iron deficiency (cord blood ferritin 11-75 µg/L). After 3 months, 85 neonates underwent diagnostic ABR test which revealed significantly prolonged interpeak latencies I-III, III-V, and I-V among neonates born to IDA mothers compared with the control group. Within the IDA group, all interpeak latencies were more prolonged in neonates with latent iron deficiency and in those born to mothers with serum ferritin <15 µg/L. Logistic regression analysis showed that maternal hemoglobin and mean corpuscular volume could predict neonatal ABR results. IDA during late pregnancy adversely affects cord blood iron and hearing status. ABR results are closely related to the severity of maternal and neonatal iron status. Antenatal screening of pregnant mothers is needed to improve fetal iron status and prevent abnormal auditory maturation.

DOI 10.1080/14767058.2018.1533940
ISSN 1476-4954
Citation J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2020;33(11):18811888.