Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response of Single-Crystalline Bismuth Thin Film.

Author(s) Du, L.; Lu, D.; Li, J.; Yang, K.; Yang, L.; Huang, B.; Yi, J.; Yi, Q.; Miao, L.; Qi, X.; Zhao, C.; Zhong, J.; Wen, S.
Journal ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
Date Published 2019 Sep 03

Bismuth (Bi), a topological material, where many interesting condensed matter phenomena have been observed, possesses unique physical properties when its thickness is reduced to thin film. Here, we prepared the highly stable, single-crystalline, continuous Bi thin film via the vapor deposition (VD) method and found that the Bi thin film can exhibit broadband, ultrafast nonlinear optical response with low saturable intensity ranging from the near-infrared to mid-infrared spectral range under strong excitation. Moreover, we demonstrated that the Bi thin film was favorable to act as a nonlinear pulse modulator toward a high performance pulsed laser operating in optical communication and mid-infrared wavelengths. The experimental results highlight the prospects of Bi thin film as broadband pulsed modulators and may open new avenues toward advanced Bi-based broadband photonic devices.

DOI 10.1021/acsami.9b10354
ISSN 1944-8252
Citation ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2019.