Author(s) Umar, M.; Jahangir, N.; Khan, M.Faisal; Saeed, Z.; Sultan, F.; Sultan, A.
Journal Arthroplast Today
Date Published 2019 Sep

Background: Cobalt toxicity-related cardiomyopathy in hip arthroplasty has recently been reported in the literature. The purpose of this review is to identify and assess available published evidence of cardiomyopathy in hip arthroplasty patients and to derive recommendations for management.

Methods: We evaluated 23 cases reported until October 2018 and stratified them into 3 categories, based upon pre-existing risk factors for cardiomyopathy, histological confirmation, and evidence of systemic signs of cobalt toxicity.

Results: Cobalt toxicity was considered to be the definite cause of cardiomyopathy in 8 cases, and probably contributory in 13 cases. Two cases were considered to have developed cardiomyopathy secondary to pre-existing risk factors. Majority of the patients had a good recovery of cardiac function after hip revision and cardiac management, but 5 cases deteriorated and died.

Conclusions: Although cobalt-related cardiomyopathy has been reported in a small number of cases of hip arthroplasty, a delay or missed diagnosis may lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Timely diagnosis, removal of causative implant, and avoidance of metal articulations in revision for fractured ceramic implants may help in an effective management.

DOI 10.1016/j.artd.2019.04.010
ISSN 2352-3441
Citation Arthroplast Today. 2019;5(3):371375.