Detrimental Effect of Sintering Additives on Conducting Ceramics: Yttrium-Doped Barium Zirconate.

Author(s) Han, D.; Uemura, S.; Hiraiwa, C.; Majima, M.; Uda, T.
Journal ChemSusChem
Date Published 2018 Sep 17
Abstract

Y-doped BaZrO (BZY) is currently the most promising proton-conductive ceramic-type electrolyte for application in electrochemical devices, including fuel cells and electrolyzer cells. However, owing to its refractory nature, sintering additives, such as NiO, CuO, or ZnO are commonly added to reduce its high sintering temperature from 1600 °C to approximately 1400 °C. Even without deliberately adding a sintering additive, the NiO anode substrate provides another source of the sintering additive; during the co-sintering process, NiO diffuses from the anode into the BZY electrolyte layer. In this work, a systematic study of the effect of NiO, CuO, and ZnO on the electroconductive properties of BaZr Y O (BZY20) is conducted. The results revealed that the addition of NiO, CuO, or ZnO into BZY20 not only degraded the electrical conductivity but also resulted in enhancement of the hole conduction. Removal of these sintering additives can be realized by post-annealing in hydrogen at a mild temperature of 700 °C, but it is kinetically very slow. Therefore, the addition of NiO, CuO, and ZnO is detrimental to the electroconductive properties of BZY20, and significantly restrict its application as an electrolyte. The development of new sintering additives, new anode catalysts, or new methods for preparing BZY electrolyte-based cells is urgently needed.

DOI 10.1002/cssc.201801837
ISSN 1864-564X
Citation Han D, Uemura S, Hiraiwa C, Majima M, Uda T. Detrimental Effect of Sintering Additives on Conducting Ceramics: Yttrium-Doped Barium Zirconate. ChemSusChem. 2018.

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