Dissolved organic phosphorus enhances arsenate bioaccumulation and biotransformation in Microcystis aeruginosa.

Author(s) Wang, Z.; Gui, H.; Luo, Z.; Zhen, Z.; Yan, C.; Xing, B.
Journal Environ Pollut
Date Published 2019 Sep
Abstract

Only limited information is available on the effects of dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) on arsenate (As(V)) bioaccumulation and biotransformation in organisms. In this study, we examined the influence of three different DOP forms (β-sodium glycerophosphate (βP), adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), and D-Glucose-6-phosphate disodium (GP) salts) and inorganic phosphate (IP) on As(V) toxicity, accumulation, and biotransformation in Microcystis aeruginosa. Results showed that M. aeruginosa utilized the three DOP forms to sustain its growth. At a subcellular level, the higher phosphorus (P) distribution in metal-sensitive fractions (MSF) observed in the IP treatments could explain the comparatively lower toxic stress of algae compared to the DOP treatments. Meanwhile, the higher MSF distribution of arsenic (As) in M. aeruginosa in the presence of DOP could explain the higher toxicity with lower 96-h half maximal effective concentration (EC) values. Although we observed As(V) and P discrimination in M. aeruginosa under IP treatments with high intracellular P/As, we did not find this discrimination under the DOP treatments. As accumulation in algal cells was therefore greatly enhanced by DOP, especially βP, given its lower transformation rate to phosphate compared to ATP and GP in media. Additionally, As(V) reduction and, subsequently, As(III) methylation were greatly facilitated in M. aeruginosa by the presence of DOP, particularly GP, which was confirmed by the higher relative expression of its two functional genes (arsC and arsM). Our findings indicate that As(V) accumulation and its subsequent biotransformation were enhanced by organic P forms, which provides new insight into how DOP modulates As metabolism in algae.

DOI 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.06.126
ISSN 1873-6424
Citation Wang Z, Gui H, Luo Z, Zhen Z, Yan C, Xing B. Dissolved organic phosphorus enhances arsenate bioaccumulation and biotransformation in Microcystis aeruginosa. Environ Pollut. 2019;252(Pt B):1755-1763.

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