Author(s) Zoulfakar, A.M.; Abdel-Ghany, A.M.; Abou-Elnasr, T.Z.; Mostafa, A.G.; Salem, S.M.; El-Bahnaswy, H.H.
Journal Appl Radiat Isot
Date Published 2017 Sep

Some sodium-silicate-boro-antimonate glasses having the molecular composition [(20) Na2O - (20) SiO2 - (60-x) B2O3 - (x) Sb2O3 (where x takes the values 0, 5 … or 20)] have been prepared by the melt quenching method. The melting and annealing temperatures were 1500 and 650K respectively. The amorphous nature of the prepared samples was confirmed by using X-ray diffraction analysis. Both the experimental and empirical density and molar volume values showed gradual increase with increasing Sb2O3 content. The empirical densities showed higher values than those obtained experimentally, while the empirical molar volume values appeared lower than those obtained experimentally, which confirm the amorphous nature and randomness character of the studied samples. The experimentally obtained shielding parameters were approximately coincident with those obtained theoretically by applying WinXCom program. At low gamma-ray energies (0.356 and 0.662MeV) Sb2O3 has approximately no effect on the total Mass Attenuation Coefficient, while at high energies it acts to increase the total Mass Attenuation Coefficient gradually. The obtained Half Value Layer and Mean Free Path values showed gradual decrease as Sb2O3 was gradually increased. Also, the Total Mass Attenuation Coefficient values obtained between about 0.8 and 3.0MeV gamma-ray energy showed a slight decrease, as gamma-ray photon energy increased. This may be due to the differences between the Attenuation Coefficients of both antimony and boron oxides at various gamma-ray photon energies. However, it can be stated that the addition of Sb2O3 into sodium-boro-silicate glasses increases the gamma-ray Attenuation Coefficient and the best sample is that contains 20 mol% of Sb2O3, which is operating well at 0.356 and 0.662MeV gamma-ray.

DOI 10.1016/j.apradiso.2017.05.007
ISSN 1872-9800
Citation Appl Radiat Isot. 2017;127:269274.

Related Applications, Forms & Industries