Effect of Colloidal Silica on the Hydration Behavior of Calcium Aluminate Cement.

Author(s) Wang, F.; Chen, P.; Li, X.; Zhu, B.
Journal Materials (Basel)
Date Published 2018 Sep 28
Abstract

The effect of colloidal silica (CS) on the hydrate phases and microstructure evolution of calcium aluminate cement (CAC) was investigated. Samples hydrated with CS were obtained and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), hydration heat measurement and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR). The results revealed that SiO₂ nanoparticles may affect the hydrates crystallization process. There was a compact structure in the CAC paste with CS, while petal-shaped hydrates with a porous structure were formed in the pure CAC paste. The maximum value of electrical conductivity for CAC paste with CS suggested that the early stage of hydration for CAC was accelerated. However, the hydration heat curves revealed that the late stage of the CAC hydration process was inhibited, and the hydration degree was reduced, this result was in accordance with Thermogravimetry-Differential scanning calorimetry(TG-DSC) curves. The fitting results of hydration heat curves further showed that the hydration degree at NG (nucleation and crystal growth) process stage was promoted, while it was limited at the phase boundaries stage, and the diffusion stage in the hydration reaction was brought forward due to the addition of CS. According to these results and analyses, the differences in the hydration process for CAC with and without CS can be attributed to the distribution and nucleation effect of SiO₂ nanoparticles.

DOI 10.3390/ma11101849
ISSN 1996-1944
Citation Wang F, Chen P, Li X, Zhu B. Effect of Colloidal Silica on the Hydration Behavior of Calcium Aluminate Cement. Materials (Basel). 2018;11(10).

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