Effects of cerium oxide nanoparticles on bacterial growth and behaviors: induction of biofilm formation and stress response.

Author(s) Xu, Y.; Wang, C.; Hou, J.; Wang, P.; You, G.; Miao, L.
Journal Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
Date Published 2019 Feb 05

In this paper, the effects of cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO NPs) on the group bacterial behaviors were elaborated. After 36-h cultivation, the biofilm biomass was enhanced by the sub-lethal concentrations of 0.5 and 2 mg/L CeO NP exposure. Meanwhile, the promoted production of total amino acids in microbes further resulted in the increased surface hydrophobicity and percentage aggregation. To resist the CeO NPs stress, the biofilm exhibited a double-layer microstructure, with the protein (PRO) and living cells occupying the bottom, the polysaccharide (PS), and dead cells dominating the top. The bacterial diversity was highly suppressed and Citrobacter and Pseudomonas from the phylum of γ-Proteobacteria strongly dominated the biofilm, indicating the selective and enriched effects of CeO NPs on resistant bacteria. The stimulated inherent resistance of biofilm was reflected by the reduced adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content after 4 h exposure. The increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the treatments of 8 h CeO NP exposure led to the upregulated quorum sensing signals of acylated homoserine lactone (AHL) and autoinducer 2 (AI-2), beneficial to mitigating the environmental disturbance of CeO NPs. These results provide evidences for the accelerating effects of CeO NPs on biofilm formation through oxidative stress, which expand the understanding of the ecological effects of CeO NPs.

DOI 10.1007/s11356-019-04340-w
ISSN 1614-7499
Citation Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019.

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