Effects of cerium oxide nanoparticles on the species and distribution of phosphorus in enhanced phosphorus removal sequencing batch biofilm reactor.

Author(s) Xu, Y.; Wang, C.; Hou, J.; Wang, P.; You, G.; Miao, L.; Lv, B.; Yang, Y.
Journal Bioresour Technol
Date Published 2017 Mar

The short term (8h) influences of cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2NPs) on the process of phosphorus removal in biofilm were investigated. At concentration of 0.1mg/L, CeO2 NPs posed no impacts on total phosphorus (TP) removal. While at 20mg/L, TP removal efficiency reduced from 85.16% to 59.62%. Results of P distribution analysis and (31)P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy implied that the anaerobic degradation of polyphosphate (polyP) and the release of orthophosphate in extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) were inhibited. After aerobic exposure, the average chain length of polyP in microbial cells and EPS was shorter than control, and monoester and diester phosphates in cells were observed to release into EPS. Moreover, the EPS production and its contribution to P removal increased, while the capacity of EPS in P storage declined. X-ray diffraction analysis and saturation index calculation revealed that the formation of inorganic P precipitation in biofilm was inhibited.

DOI 10.1016/j.biortech.2016.12.041
Keywords Biofilms; Bioreactors; Cerium; Metal Nanoparticles; Nanotechnology; Phosphorus; Polymers; X-Ray Diffraction
ISSN 1873-2976
Citation Bioresour Technol. 2017;227:393397.

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