Author(s) Farooq, U.; Phul, R.; Alshehri, S.M.; Ahmed, J.; Ahmad, T.
Journal Sci Rep
Date Published 2019 Mar 14

Development of cost effective and efficient electrocatalysts is crucial to generate H as an alternative source of energy. However, expensive noble metal based electrocatalysts show best electrocatalytic performances which acts as main bottle-neck for commercial application. Therefore, non-precious electrocatalysts have become important for hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions. Herein, we report the synthesis of high surface area (35 m/g) sodium niobate nanoparticles by citrate precursor method. These nanoparticles were characterized by different techniques like X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Electrocatalytic properties of cost-effective sodium niobate nanoparticles were investigated for HER and OER in 0.5 M KOH electrolyte using Ag/AgCl as reference electrode. The sodium niobate electrode showed significant current density for both OER (≈2.7 mA/cm) and HER (≈0.7 mA/cm) with onset potential of 0.9 V for OER and 0.6 V for HER. As-prepared sodium niobate nanoparticles show enhanced photocatalytic property (86% removal) towards the degradation of rose Bengal dye. Dielectric behaviour at different sintering temperatures was explained by Koop's theory and Maxwell-Wagner mechanism. The dielectric constants of 41 and 38.5 and the dielectric losses of 0.04 and 0.025 were observed for the samples sintered at 500 °C and 700 °C, respectively at 500 kHz. Conductivity of the samples was understood by using power law fit.

DOI 10.1038/s41598-019-40745-w
ISSN 2045-2322
Citation Sci Rep. 2019;9(1):4488.

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