Energetics for the Mechanism of Nickel-Containing Carbon Monoxide Dehydrogenase.

Author(s) Liao, R.Z.; Siegbahn, P.E.M.
Journal Inorg Chem
Date Published 2019 May 29

Nickel-containing carbon monoxide (CO) dehydrogenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the important reversible carbon dioxide reduction. Several high-resolution structures have been determined at various stages of the reduction, which can be used as good starting points for the present computational study. The cluster model is used in combination with a systematic application of the density functional theory as recently described. The results are in very good agreement with experimental evidence. There are a few important results. To explain why the X-ray structure for the reduced C state has an empty site on nickel, it is here suggested that the cluster has been over-reduced by X-rays and is therefore not the desired reduced state, which instead contains a bound CO on nickel. After an additional reduction, a hydride bound to nickel is suggested to play a role. In order to obtain energetics in agreement with experiments, it is concluded that one sulfide bridge in the Ni-Fe cluster should be protonated. The best test of the accuracy obtained is to compare the computed rate for reduction using -0.6 V with that for oxidation using -0.3 V, where good agreement was obtained. Obtaining a mechanism that is easily reversible is another demanding aspect of the modeling. Nickel oscillates between nickel(II) and nickel(I), while nickel(0) never comes in.

DOI 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b00644
ISSN 1520-510X
Citation Liao R-, Siegbahn PE. Energetics for the Mechanism of Nickel-Containing Carbon Monoxide Dehydrogenase. Inorg Chem. 2019.