Enhanced antifouling and antimicrobial thin film nanocomposite membranes with incorporation of Palygorskite/titanium dioxide hybrid material.

Author(s) Zhang, T.; Li, Z.; Wang, W.; Wang, Y.; Gao, B.; Wang, Z.
Journal J Colloid Interface Sci
Date Published 2019 Mar 01

Palygorskite (Pal) is a kind of low-cost and environment-friendly natural nanoclay material with tubular structure and excellent hydrophilicity. TiO nanoparticles, especially anatase phase, have prominent photocatalytic bactericidal and organic pollutant decomposition activities. In this work, Pal and Pal/TiO nanocomposite were successfully embedded in the polyamide (PA) selective layer of the reverse osmosis (RO) membranes via interfacial polymerization. The tubular structure of Pal possesses a cross-sectional area of 0.37 × 0.63 nm, which facilitates the selective transport of water molecules through PA layers. The water flux of Pal incorporated TFN membrane increases to approximately 40 l·m·h at 16 bar, which is 1.6-fold higher than the reference TFC membrane. Meanwhile, the NaCl rejection is maintained at approximately 98%. Although the Pal/TiO incorporated TFN membrane exhibited slightly lower flux (1.4-fold higher than TFC), the embedded Pal/TiO contributed to the antifouling and photocatalytic bactericidal capacities and the salt rejection maintained at an acceptable level of 98%, which are greatly desired in the membrane desalination and water reclamation processes.

DOI 10.1016/j.jcis.2018.10.092
ISSN 1095-7103
Citation J Colloid Interface Sci. 2019;537:110.

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