Evaluation of zirconia surface roughness after aluminum oxide airborne-particle abrasion and the erbium-YAG, neodymium-doped YAG, or CO lasers: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author(s) Martins, F.V.; Mattos, C.T.; Cordeiro, W.J.B.; Fonseca, E.M.
Journal J Prosthet Dent
Date Published 2019 Jan 30

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Veneer chipping and crown decementation are the most frequent failures in restorations using zirconia as an infrastructure. Increasing the roughness of the zirconia surface has been suggested to address this problem.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal surface roughness, produced with aluminum oxide airborne-particle abrasion and the erbium yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG), neodymium-doped YAG, or CO lasers.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist. The review identified relevant studies through December 2017 with no limit on the publication year in the search databases: Web of Science, Scopus, and MEDLINE via PubMed. The selected studies were submitted to a risk of bias assessment. The means and standard deviations of roughness were evaluated for the meta-analysis using Review Manager software.

RESULTS: The 17 studies that met all inclusion criteria presented a medium risk of bias. All the treatment methods tested were able to create a roughness on the yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal surface. The I test values presented a high heterogeneity among the studies.

CONCLUSIONS: The presintered specimens submitted to airborne-particle abrasion had higher surface roughness compared with abrasion after the sintering process. Irradiation with the neodymium-doped YAG and CO lasers was destructive to the zirconia surfaces. The erbium laser used with lower energy intensity appears to be a promising method for surface treatment.

DOI 10.1016/j.prosdent.2018.07.001
ISSN 1097-6841
Citation J Prosthet Dent. 2019.

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