Fate and effect of in-house synthesized tellurium based nanoparticles on bacterial biofilm biomass and architecture. Challenges for nanoparticles characterization in living systems.

Author(s) Gómez-Gómez, B.; Sanz-Landaluce, J.; Pérez-Corona, M.ªTeresa; Madrid, Y.
Journal Sci Total Environ
Date Published 2020 Feb 21

The unexpected impact of nanoparticles on environment and human health remains as a matter of concern. In this sense, understanding the interaction between nanoparticles and biological indicators such as microorganism may help to understand their fate and effect in environmental systems. However, the adverse effect of nanoparticles greatly depends on their properties and, therefore, a precise evaluation of nanoparticles physicochemical characteristics is mandatory as the first step in accurately elucidating their behaviour in different ecosystems. Here in this work, in house-synthesized tellurium-based nanoparticles have been fully characterized for first time by means of a multi-method approach. Once characterized, the effect of these nanoparticles on Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli biofilm biomass and structure was explored and quantified for first time. Moreover, the morphological transformations of tellurium based nanoparticles within the confines of a biofilm are also highlighted. Architectural metric calculations evidenced that nanoparticles were able to reduce the biovolume of the biofilm produced for both bacteria. Interestingly, the interaction between nanoparticles and bacterial communities led to the transformation of tellurium nanoparticles from sphere to rod-shaped nanoparticles. These findings open new insights into the behaviour of a type of uncommon nanoparticles such as tellurium-based nanoparticles on microbial communities.

DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137501
ISSN 1879-1026
Citation Sci Total Environ. 2020;719:137501.

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