Formation of Core-Shell Nanoparticles Composed of Magnetite and Samarium Oxide in Magnetospirillum magneticum Strain RSS-1.

Author(s) Shimoshige, H.; Nakajima, Y.; Kobayashi, H.; Yanagisawa, K.; Nagaoka, Y.; Shimamura, S.; Mizuki, T.; Inoue, A.; Maekawa, T.
Journal PLoS One
Date Published 2017

Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) synthesize magnetosomes composed of membrane-enveloped magnetite (Fe3O4) or greigite (Fe3S4) particles in the cells. Recently, several studies have shown some possibilities of controlling the biomineralization process and altering the magnetic properties of magnetosomes by adding some transition metals to the culture media under various environmental conditions. Here, we successfully grow Magnetospirillum magneticum strain RSS-1, which are isolated from a freshwater environment, and find that synthesis of magnetosomes are encouraged in RSS-1 in the presence of samarium and that each core magnetic crystal composed of magnetite is covered with a thin layer of samarium oxide (Sm2O3). The present results show some possibilities of magnetic recovery of transition metals and synthesis of some novel structures composed of magnetic particles and transition metals utilizing MTB.

DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0170932
ISSN 1932-6203
Citation PLoS ONE. 2017;12(1):e0170932.

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