General Fabrication of Boride, Carbide, and Nitride Nanocrystals via a Metal-Hydrolysis-Assisted Process.

Author(s) Zhou, L.; Yang, L.; Shao, L.; Chen, B.; Meng, F.; Qian, Y.; Xu, L.
Journal Inorg Chem
Date Published 2017 Mar 06

Metal boride, carbide, and nitride materials are useful owing to their wide variety of interesting chemical and physical properties. However, the synthesis of these materials with nano or mesoscale sizes is challenging due to the usually required high temperatures and long reaction durations. To our knowledge, the exploration of a number of simultaneous chemical reactions through rapid synthesis still remains a great challenge. In this study, a general route for the reduction and transformation of metal oxides into related metal boride (TiB2, MoB2, DyB4, ErB4, YB4, LaB6, CeB6, SmB6, EuB6), carbide (SiC, TiC, VC, WC, W2C, ZrC, MoC, NbC), and nitride (TiN, VN, BN, AlN, CrN, MgSiN2) nanocrystals were achieved at 150 °C. Here, the exothermic reaction of metal magnesium hydrolysis is utilized to assist the reaction in sealed stainless steel autoclaves. In situ temperature monitoring showed that the inside temperature increased quickly from 139 to 902 °C at the initial stage. The obtained products were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and high-resolution TEM techniques. The low reaction temperature and cheap raw materials make it possible for large-scale synthesis of those nanomaterials.

DOI 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b02501
ISSN 1520-510X
Citation Inorg Chem. 2017;56(5):24402447.

Related Applications, Forms & Industries