Author(s) Fanizza, E.; Depalo, N.; Fedorenko, S.; Iacobazzi, R.Maria; Mukhametshina, A.; Zairov, R.; Salatino, A.; Vischio, F.; Panniello, A.; Laquintana, V.; Curri, L.; Mustafina, A.; Denora, N.; Striccoli, M.
Journal Int J Mol Sci
Date Published 2019 Jun 27

The low photostability of conventional organic dyes and the toxicity of cadmium-based luminescent quantum dots have prompted the development of novel probes for in vitro and in vivo labelling. Here, a new fluorescent lanthanide probe based on silica nanoparticles is fabricated and investigated for optically traceable in vitro translocator protein (TSPO) targeting. The targeting and detection of TSPO receptor, overexpressed in several pathological states, including neurodegenerative diseases and cancers, may provide valuable information for the early diagnosis and therapy of human disorders. Green fluorescent terbium(III)-calix[4]arene derivative complexes are encapsulated within silica nanoparticles and surface functionalized amine groups are conjugated with selective TSPO ligands based on a 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine acetamide structure containing derivatizable carboxylic groups. The photophysical properties of the terbium complex, promising for biological labelling, are demonstrated to be successfully conveyed to the realized nanoarchitectures. In addition, the high degree of biocompatibility, assessed by cell viability assay and the selectivity towards TSPO mitochondrial membrane receptors, proven by subcellular fractional studies, highlight targeting potential of this nanostructure for in vitro labelling of mitochondria.

DOI 10.3390/ijms20133139
ISSN 1422-0067
Citation Int J Mol Sci. 2019;20(13).

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