Author(s) Hong, M.; Zhou, X.; Gao, N.; Jiang, S.; Xie, C.; Zhao, L.; Gao, Y.; Zhang, Z.; Yang, P.; Shi, Y.; Zhang, Q.; Liu, Z.; Zhao, J.; Zhang, Y.
Journal ACS Nano
Date Published 2018 Oct 23

Rhenium diselenide (ReSe) is a unique transition-metal dichalcogenide (TMDC) possessing distorted 1T structure with a triclinic symmetry, strong in-plane anisotropy, and promising applications in optoelectronics and energy-related fields. So far, the structural and physical properties of ReSe are mainly uncovered by transmission electron microscopy and spectroscopy characterizations. Herein, by combining scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy (STM and STS) with first-principles calculations, we accomplish the on-site atomic-scale identification of the top four non-identical Se atoms in a unit cell of the anisotropic monolayer ReSe on the Au substrate. According to STS and photoluminescence results, we also determine the quasiparticle and optical band gaps as well as the exciton binding energy of monolayer ReSe. In particular, we detect a perfect lattice coherence and an invariable band gap across the mirror-symmetric grain boundaries in monolayer and bilayer ReSe, which considerably differ from the traditional isotropic TMDCs featured with defect structures and additional states inside the band gap. Such essential findings should deepen our understanding of the intrinsic properties of two-dimensional anisotropic materials and provide fundamental references for their applications in related fields.

DOI 10.1021/acsnano.8b04872
ISSN 1936-086X
Citation ACS Nano. 2018;12(10):1009510103.

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