Improved dark ambient degradation of organic pollutants by cerium strontium cobalt perovskite.

Author(s) Chen, H.; Motuzas, J.; Martens, W.; da Costa, J.C.Diniz
Journal J Environ Sci (China)
Date Published 2020 Apr

This work investigates the effect of cerium substation into strontium cobalt perovskites (CeSrCoO) for the oxidative degradation of Orange II (OII) in dark ambient conditions without the aid of any external stimulants such as light, heating or chemical additives. The OII degradation rate by CeSrCoO reached 65% in the first hour, whilst for the blank sample without cerium (SrCoO) took over 2 hr to reach the same level of OII degradation. Hence, the cerium substitution improved the catalytic activity of the perovskite material, mainly associated with the CeSrCoO perovskite phase. Upon contacting CeSrCoO, the -NN- azo bonds of the OII molecules broke down resulting in electron donation and the formation of by-products. The electrons are injected into the CeSrCoO and resulted in a redox pair of Co/Co, establishing a bridge for the electron transfer between OII and the catalysts. Concomitantly, the electrons also formed reactive species (·OH) responsible for OII degradation as evidenced by radical trapping experiment. Reactive species were formed via the reaction between O and donated electrons from OII with the aid of cobalt redox pair. As the prepared materials dispensed with the need for light irradiation and additional oxidants, it opens a window of environmental applications for treating contaminated wastewaters.

DOI 10.1016/j.jes.2019.11.013
ISSN 1001-0742
Citation J Environ Sci (China). 2020;90:110118.