Improved photo-induced charge carriers separation through the addition of erbium on TiO2 nanoparticles and its effect on photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B.

Author(s) J, D.; J, C.Selvakumar; D, P.Padiyan
Journal Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc
Date Published 2018 Feb 05

ErxTi1-xO2 nanocomposites was prepared by a simple sol-gel method with various proportion of erbium viz., x=0.02, x=0.04, x=0.06, x=0.08 and x=0.10. The prepared nanocomposites were studied using XRD, UV-Vis DRS, Raman spectra, HR-SEM, EDS, TEM, PL and impedance spectroscopy. XRD revealed that modified TiO2 nanocomposites possessed only the anatase phase with crystallite sizes of about 8.1 to 12.7nm and which is well consistent with TEM analysis. It is seen that erbium ion exist in the nanocomposites based on the analysis of EDS. HR-SEM analysis revealed that the ErxTi1-xO2 nanocomposites are spherical in shape with size between 10 and 20nm. The amount of erbium remarkably affects the structural, optical and electrical properties. Loading erbium could produce 4f energy levels between valence and conduction bands thus narrowing optical band gap and generates visible absorption peaks. It was found that erbium modified TiO2 nanocomposites induced a shift in Raman. The enhancement of life time of charge carriers was observed on erbium inclusion.

DOI 10.1016/j.saa.2017.09.063
ISSN 1873-3557
Citation Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2018;190:524533.

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