In vitro study on antagonism mechanism of glutathione, sodium selenite and mercuric chloride.

Author(s) Qiao, Y.; Huang, X.; Chen, B.; He, M.; Hu, B.
Journal Talanta
Date Published 2017 Aug 15

It has been broadly recognized that the antagonism between selenium (Se) and mercury (Hg) can reduce the toxicity of mercury in organism. Glutathione (GSH) can participate in the metabolism of Se and Hg in vivo and promote the formation of low-toxic Hg-Se complexes, which is a vital way of detoxification for Hg. In this paper, the reaction mechanism of GSH-Se(IV) binary system, GSH-Hg(II) binary system and GSH-Se(IV)-Hg(II) ternary system were systematically studied from the aspects of stoichiometry, thermodynamics and kinetics, via hyphenated techniques including high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-ultraviolet (UV) detection, HPLC-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and HPLC-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). For GSH-Se(IV) binary system, selenodiglutathione (GSSeSG) was the crucial intermediate; the reaction was exothermic and irreversible at constant pressure; it followed second-order kinetics with a fast kinetics (rate constant (k)=4534.2mol(-1)Ls(-1)). For GSH-Se(IV)-Hg(II) ternary system, GSSeSeSG would form by the extremely weak dissociation of two molecules of GSSeSG; Hg(II) would rapidly coordinate with GSSeSeSG to generate (HgxSey)n(GS)m precipitates. The mechanism of GSH-Se(IV)-Hg(II) antagonism system involves two processes, the competitive combination of Hg and Se with GSH and the formation of (HgxSey)n(GS)m complexes.

DOI 10.1016/j.talanta.2017.04.074
ISSN 1873-3573
Citation Talanta. 2017;171:262269.

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