Induction of enteric oxalate secretion by Oxalobacter formigenes in mice does not require the presence of either apical oxalate transport proteins Slc26A3 or Slc26A6.

Author(s) Hatch, M.
Journal Urolithiasis
Date Published 2019 Jun 14

Oxalobacter sp. promotion of enteric oxalate excretion, correlating with reductions in urinary oxalate excretion, was previously reported in rats and mice, but the mechanistic basis for this affect has not been described. The main objective of the present study was to determine whether the apical oxalate transport proteins, PAT1 (slc26a6) and DRA (slc26a3), are involved in mediating the Oxalobacter-induced net secretory flux across colonized mouse cecum and distal colon. We measured unidirectional and net fluxes of oxalate across tissues removed from colonized PAT1 and DRA knockout (KO) mice and also across two double knockout (dKO) mouse models with primary hyperoxaluria, type 1 (i.e., deficient in alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase; AGT KO), including PAT1/AGT dKO and DRA/AGT dKO mice compared to non-colonized mice. In addition, urinary oxalate excretion was measured before and after the colonization procedure. The results demonstrate that Oxalobacter can induce enteric oxalate excretion in the absence of either apical oxalate transporter and urinary oxalate excretion was reduced in all colonized genotypes fed a 1.5% oxalate-supplemented diet. We conclude that there are other, as yet unidentified, oxalate transporters involved in mediating the directional changes in oxalate transport across the Oxalobacter-colonized mouse large intestine.

DOI 10.1007/s00240-019-01144-y
ISSN 2194-7236
Citation Urolithiasis. 2019.

Related Applications, Forms & Industries