Interspecific biotransformation and detoxification of arsenic compounds in marine rotifer and copepod.

Author(s) Byeon, E.; Yoon, C.; Lee, J.S.; Lee, Y.Hwan; Jeong, C.B.; Lee, J.S.; Kang, H.M.
Journal J Hazard Mater
Date Published 2020 Jun 05

The toxicity of arsenic (As) has been reported to be different depending on their chemical forms. However, its toxicity mechanisms largely remain unknown. In this study, to investigate toxicity mechanism of As in marine zooplanktons, namely, the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis and the copepod Paracyclopina nana, metabolites of As were analyzed by using a high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with in vivo toxicity and antioxidant responses in response to inorganic As, including arsenate (As) and arsenite (As). While As was more toxic than As in both organisms, the rotifer B. plicatilis exhibited stronger tolerance, compared to the copepod P. nana. The As speciation analysis revealed differences in biotransformation processes in two species with B. plicatilis having a more simplified process than P. nana, contributing to a better tolerance against As in the rotifer B. plicatilis compared to P. nana. Moreover, the levels of GSH content and the regulation of omega class glutathione S-transferases were different in response to oxidative stress between B. plicatilis and P. nana. These results suggest that the rotifer B. plicatilis has a unique survival strategy with more efficient biotransformation and antioxidant responses, compared to P. nana, conferring higher tolerance to As.

DOI 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.122196
ISSN 1873-3336
Citation J Hazard Mater. 2020;391:122196.