Iron carbide/nitrogen-doped carbon core-shell nanostrctures: Solution-free synthesis and superior oxygen reduction performance.

Author(s) Wu, M.; Xie, J.; Liu, A.; Jia, W.; Cao, Y.
Journal J Colloid Interface Sci
Date Published 2020 Apr 15
Abstract

Core-shell FeC@NC nanostructures constructed by FeC core encapsulated in N-doped carbon nanotubes (FFCN-MP4000) is designed and readily prepared via a facile and economical solid-state chemical route. By controlling the proportion of C and N in the starting materials, the composition of FeNC core-shell nanotubes was optimized, then provided more possible active sites as electrocatalysts, exhibited superior oxygen reduction performance. Onset potential (E) of 0.96 V versus reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE) and half-wave potential (E) of 0.83 V vs RHE was obtained in 0.1 M KOH, which are comparable to those of the commercial Pt/C catalyst (E = 0.98 V, E = 0.84 V vs RHE). Notably, the limited current density for FFCN-MP4000 can reach to 6.6 mA cm, and it efficiently catalyzes 4-electron reduction of oxygen (n = 3.98) with a hydrogen peroxide yield of below 2.2%. In addition, the methanol tolerance and durability are even superior to commercial Pt/C catalyst. This work provides a facile and economical strategy for the feasible design of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) electrocatalyst with high activity and low cost in alternative commercial Pt/C electrocatalyst.

DOI 10.1016/j.jcis.2020.01.078
ISSN 1095-7103
Citation J Colloid Interface Sci. 2020;566:194201.

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