Liquid Exfoliation of Atomically Thin Antimony Selenide as An Efficient 2D Antibacterial Nanoagent.

Author(s) Miao, Z.; Fan, L.; Xie, X.; Ma, Y.; Xue, J.; He, T.; Zha, Z.
Journal ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
Date Published 2019 Jul 09

The ever-growing global crisis of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria has triggered a tumult of activity in the design and development of antibacterial formulations. Here, atomically thin antimony selenide nanosheets (Sb2Se3 NSs), a minimal-toxic and low-cost semiconductor material, was explored as a high-performance two-dimensional (2D) antibacterial nanoagent via a liquid exfoliation strategy integrating cryo-pretreatment and PVP-assisted exfoliation. When cultured with bacteria, the obtained PVP-capped Sb2Se3 NSs exhibited intrinsic long-term antibacterial capability, probably due to the reactive oxygen species generation and sharp edge-induced membrane cutting during physical contact between bacteria and nanosheets. Upon near-infrared laser irradiation, Sb2Se3 NSs achieved short-time hyperthermia sterilization owing to strong optical absorption and high photothermal conversion efficiency. By virtue of the synergistic effects of these two broad-spectrum antibacterial mechanisms, Sb2Se3 NSs exhibited high-efficiency inhibition of conventional Gram-negative Escherichia coli (E. coli), Gram-positive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and wild bacteria from a natural water pool. Particularly, these three categories of bacteria were completely eradicated after treated with Sb2Se3 NSs (300 µM) plus laser irradiation for only 5 min. In vivo wound healing experiment further demonstrated the high-performance antibacterial effect. In addition, Sb2Se3 NSs depicted excellent biocompatibility due to the biocompatible element constitute and bioinert PVP modification. This work enlightened that atomically thin Sb2Se3 NSs hold great promise as a broad-spectrum 2D antibacterial nanoagent for various pathogenic bacterial infections.

DOI 10.1021/acsami.9b08320
ISSN 1944-8252
Citation Miao Z, Fan L, Xie X, Ma Y, Xue J, He T, et al. Liquid Exfoliation of Atomically Thin Antimony Selenide as An Efficient 2D Antibacterial Nanoagent. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2019.

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