Low-power laser and potassium oxalate gel in the treatment of cervical dentin hypersensitivity-a randomized clinical trial.

Author(s) Sgreccia, P.Cesar; Barbosa, R.Edson Sant; Damé-Teixeira, N.; Garcia, F.Cristina P.
Journal Clin Oral Investig
Date Published 2020 May 07

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of different protocols for the treatment of cervical dentin hypersensitivity (CDH) in non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CONSORT checklist was used to design this study. The sample with n = 74 participants (389 NCCLs) was randomly allocated into three groups: G1, potassium oxalate (Oxa-Gel BF); G2, GaAlAs (gallium-aluminum-arsenate) low-power laser (100 mW, 808nn, 60 J/cm); and G3, potassium oxalate (Oxa-Gel BF) associated with the GaAlAs low-power laser. The CDH was triggered by the evaporative stimulus test (EST) and by the tactile stimulus test (TST). The visual analog scale (VAS) was used to quantify the degree of CDH. Changes in sensitivity were assessed from baseline over 3 weeks. Data were analyzed for NCCLs using mixed-effects models with unstructured direct product covariance structure (α = 0.05).

RESULTS: After the first application, participants from G1 and G3 had a reduction in CDH (p < 0.05) compared with group G2 for TST. After the second application, G3 participants had a reduction in CDH (p < 0.05) in relation to G2 for both stimuli. Reduction in CDH (p < 0.05) occurred over 3 weeks for EST and TST for all groups; however, there was no difference between groups at the end of the therapies.

CONCLUSION: Potassium oxalate was more effective in reducing immediate CDH. After four applications, all groups showed similar results for the reduction of CDH.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE: GaAlAS laser irradiation and oxalate potassium gel could reduce the symptoms of CDH; thus, they are viable alternatives for the treatment of this condition. Chemical occlusion of dental tubules showed effective results after a shorter time interval.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Brazilian Clinical Trials Registration Platform under protocol number RBR-4ybjmt. http://www.braziliantrials.com/?keywords=RBR-4ybjmt&order=%7Eensaios.patrocinador_primario.

DOI 10.1007/s00784-020-03311-7
ISSN 1436-3771
Citation Clin Oral Investig. 2020.

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