Magnetite/Lanthanum hydroxide for phosphate sequestration and recovery from lake and the attenuation effects of sediment particles.

Author(s) Fang, L.; Liu, R.; Li, J.; Xu, C.; Huang, L.Z.; Wang, D.
Journal Water Res
Date Published 2018 Mar 01

An effective approach for eutrophication control and phosphate recovery remains a longstanding challenge. Herein, we present a new technique for phosphate sequestration in lake and phosphate recovery using novel magnetically recoverable magnetite/lanthanum hydroxide [M-La(OH)3] hybrids that can be prepared using a simple one-pot synthesis method. Batch studies show that M-La(OH)3 exhibits a strong sorption towards phosphate with sorption capacities of up to 52.7 mg-P/g at pH 7.0 in water. A simple model indicates that the efficiency of M-La(OH)3 for phosphate sequestration in lake is significantly attenuated by 34-45% compared to that in water, due to interference from sediment particles. However, our results demonstrate that sediments suspensions mixed with a M-La(OH)3 content of 1-3% exhibit a capability of up to 1.2 mg-P/g for sequestering external phosphate compared with that of 0.2 mg-P/g for pristine sediment at pH 7.3. M-La(OH)3-mixed sediment suspensions appear to effectively sequester phosphate over an environmentally relevant pH range from 4 to 8.5. Phosphorus (P) fractionation experiments indicate that the enhanced phosphate sorption by M-La(OH)3-mixed sediment suspensions is mainly due to the increased fractions of NaOH-P and inorganic P. This work indicates that the M-La(OH)3 has the potential for phosphate sequestration and recovery from lake.

DOI 10.1016/j.watres.2017.12.008
ISSN 1879-2448
Citation Water Res. 2018;130:243254.

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