Mechanical and tribological properties of the tricalcium phosphate - magnesium oxide composites.

Author(s) Trabelsi, M.; Alshahrani, I.; Algarni, H.; Ben Ayed, F.; Yousef, E.Sayed
Journal Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl
Date Published 2019 Mar

The mechanical of the tricalcium phosphate matrix sintered with different amounts of the magnesium oxide have been investigated. The tricalcium phosphate - magnesium oxide composites were characterized by using the mechanical properties such as rupture strength, Vickers hardness and elastic modulus. The effects of the sintering process on the structural changes of the composites were investigated. At 1300 °C, the highest performance was obtained for the tricalcium phosphate containing 5 wt% MgO. The maximum mechanical strength and Young's modulus of the composites reached 9 MPa and 38 GPa, respectively. The result can be explained by the formation of both, liquid phase, which helps to fill the pores in the microstructure, and a new phase relative to the calcium magnesium phosphate. At 1400 °C and beyond 5 wt% MgO, the performances of the composites are hindered by the intragranular porosity formation and by the exaggerated grain growth. The addition of the magnesium oxide to the tricalcium phosphate matrix promotes the reduction of the wear rate and the friction coefficient. The composites performances are close to the enamel.

DOI 10.1016/j.msec.2018.11.070
ISSN 1873-0191
Citation Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2019;96:716729.

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