Mercuric ion capturing by recoverable titanium carbide magnetic nanocomposite.

Author(s) Shahzad, A.; Rasool, K.; Miran, W.; Nawaz, M.; Jang, J.; Mahmoud, K.A.; Lee, D.Sung
Journal J Hazard Mater
Date Published 2018 Feb 15

Two-dimensional metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) have attracted increasing attention for application in water/wastewater treatment. The functionalization of MXenes to increase their stability while demonstrating high pollutant removal can facilitate sustainable water/wastewater treatment processes. In this study, the highly stable magnetic titanium carbide (Ti3C2Tx) MXene nanocomposite (MGMX nanocomposite) was successfully synthesized through a facile hydrothermal approach and was tested for aqueous-phase adsorptive removal of mercuric ions. The synthesized MGMX nanocomposite was studied using characteristic analyses, showing high stability as revealed by zeta-potential analysis and dynamic light-scattering technique. The MGMX nanocomposite presented excellent Hg(II) removal in a wide range of pH conditions, and an exceptional maximum experimental Hg(II) uptake capacity of 1128.41mgg-1 was observed. The adsorption behavior was investigated using the Redlich-Peterson adsorption isotherm, pseudo second-order kinetics, and thermodynamics models. In the adsorption/desorption investigation, the MGMX nanocomposite was reusable for up to five cycles of adsorption/desorption. The stability, hydrophilic nature, available adsorptive surfaces, and easy separation after reaction make the MGMX nanocomposite an efficient sorbent for the removal of toxic Hg(II) for water purification.

DOI 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.11.026
ISSN 1873-3336
Citation J Hazard Mater. 2018;344:811818.

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