Microstructure and fracture toughness of Nb-Si based alloys with Ta and W additions

Author(s) Guo, Y.; Jin, L.; Kon, B.; Zhang, H.; Zhang, H.
Journal Intermetallics
Date Published 01/2018
Abstract The alloying effects of Ta and W on the phase composition, microstructure and room-temperature fracture toughness of Nb-Si based alloys were investigated. The nominal compositions of Nb-Si based alloys were Nb-15Si-24Ti-4Cr-2Al-2Hf (base alloy, at.%), Nb-15Si-24Ti-4Cr-2Al-2Hf-1Ta (1Ta alloy, at.%) and Nb-15Si-24Ti-4Cr-2Al-2Hf-1W (1W alloy, at.%). Results showed that the base alloy, 1Ta alloy and 1W alloy were composed of Nb solid solution (Nbss), αNb5Si3 and small volumes of hexagonal γNb5Si3 phases. The elements of Ta and W were primarily partitioned in the Nbss phases. The addition of Ta improved the fracture toughness of the base alloy from 10.2 to 12.2 MPa m1/2, but the addition of W reduced the fracture toughness to 8.2 MPa m1/2. The fracture of Nbss phases in the three alloys exhibited a cleavage fracture mode, and river patterns were created on individual facets, while the Nb5Si3 phases showed a brittle fracture mode with flat and featureless fracture surfaces. Different with base alloy and 1W alloy, 1Ta alloy involved the occurrence of secondary cracking as well as interface decohesion. The toughening mechanisms of Nb-Si based alloys with Ta and W additions were emphasized.
DOI 10.1016/j.intermet.2017.09.005
ISSN 0966-9795
Citation Intermetallics. 2018;92(Supplement C):16.

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