Millimeter-Scale Growth of Single-Oriented Graphene on a Palladium Silicide Amorphous Film.

Author(s) Kim, H.W.; Song, I.; Kim, T.H.; Ahn, S.Joon; Shin, H.C.; An, B.S.; Jang, Y.; Jeon, S.; Kim, E.Hye; Khadka, I.Bahadur; Gu, T.J.; Woo, S.H.; Whang, D.; Kim, Y.; Yang, C.W.; Ahn, J.Real
Journal ACS Nano
Date Published 2018 Dec 28
Abstract

It is widely accepted in condensed matter physics and material science communities that a single-oriented overlayer cannot be grown on an amorphous substrate because the disordered substrate randomizes the orientation of the seeds, leading to polycrystalline grains. In the case of two-dimensional materials such as graphene, the large-scale growth of single-oriented materials on an amorphous substrate has remained unsolved. Here, we demonstrate experimentally that the presence of uniformly oriented graphene seeds facilitates the growth of millimeter-scale single-oriented graphene with 3×4 mm2 on palladium silicide, which is an amorphous thin film, where the uniformly oriented graphene seeds were epitaxially grown. The amorphous palladium silicide film promotes the growth of the single-oriented growth of graphene by causing carbon atoms to be diffusive and mobile within and on the substrate. In contrast to these results, without the uniformly oriented seeds, the amorphous substrate leads to the growth of polycrystalline graphene grains. This millimeter-scale single-oriented growth from uniformly oriented seeds can be applied to other amorphous substrates such as metal foils, oxide wafers or nitrite wafers, and widens the available material spectrum for the synthesis of single-oriented two-dimensional materials such graphene, hexagonal boron nitride and molybdenum disulfide.

DOI 10.1021/acsnano.8b05299
ISSN 1936-086X
Citation Kim H-, Song I, Kim T-, Ahn SJ, Shin H-, An B-, et al. Millimeter-Scale Growth of Single-Oriented Graphene on a Palladium Silicide Amorphous Film. ACS Nano. 2018.

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