Optimizing the synergistic effect of sodium hydroxide/ultrasound pre-treatment of sludge.

Author(s) Tian, X.; Ng, W.Jern; Trzcinski, A.P.
Journal Ultrason Sonochem
Date Published 2018 Nov

Ultrasound (ULS), sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and combined ultrasound/NaOH pre-treatment were applied to pre-treat waste activated sludge and improve the subsequent anaerobic digestion. Synergistic effect was observed when NaOH treatment was coupled with ultrasound treatment. The highest synergistic Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) solubilization was observed when 0.02M NaOH was combined with five minutes ultrasonication: an extra 3000 mg/L was achieved on top of the NaOH (1975 mg/L) and ultrasonication (2900 mg/L) treatment alone. Further increase of NaOH dosage increased Soluble Chemical Oxygen Demand (SCOD), but did not increase the synergistic effect. Nine and 18 minutes ultrasonication led to 20% and 24% increase of methane production, respectively; Whereas, 0.05M NaOH pre-treatment did not improve the sludge biodegradability. Combined ultrasound/NaOH (9 min+0.05 M) showed 31% increase of methane production. A stepwise NaOH addition/ultrasound pre-treatment (0.02M+ULS for 5 min+0.02M+ULS for 4 min) was tested and resulted in 40% increase of methane production using 20% less chemicals.

DOI 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2018.07.005
ISSN 1873-2828
Citation Ultrason Sonochem. 2018;48:432440.

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