Preparation of Lithium Titanate/Reduced Graphene Oxide Composites with Three-Dimensional "Fishnet-Like" Conductive Structure via a Gas-Foaming Method for High-Rate Lithium-Ion Batteries.

Author(s) Meng, T.; Yi, F.; Cheng, H.; Hao, J.; Shu, D.; Zhao, S.; He, C.; Song, X.; Zhang, F.
Journal ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
Date Published 2017 Dec 13
Abstract

With use of ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) as the pore-forming agent, three-dimensional (3D) "fishnet-like" lithium titanate/reduced graphene oxide (LTO/G) composites with hierarchical porous structure are prepared via a gas-foaming method. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy images show that, in the composite prepared with the NH4Cl concentration of 1 mg mL-1 (1-LTO/G), LTO particles with sizes of 50-100 nm disperse homogeneously on the 3D "fishnet-like" graphene. The nitrogen-sorption analyses reveal the existence of micro-/mesopores, which is attributed to the introduction of NH4Cl into the gap between the graphene sheets that further decomposes into gases and produces hierarchical pores during the thermal treatment process. The loose and porous structure of 1-LTO/G composites enables the better penetration of electrolytes, providing more rapid diffusion channels for lithium ion. As a result, the 1-LTO/G electrode delivers an ultrahigh specific capacity of 176.6 mA h g-1 at a rate of 1 C. Even at 3 and 10 C, the specific capacity can reach 167.5 and 142.9 mA h g-1, respectively. Moreover, the 1-LTO/G electrode shows excellent cycle performance with 95.4% capacity retention at 10 C after 100 cycles. The results demonstrate that the LTO/G composite with these properties is one of the most promising anode materials for lithium-ion batteries.

DOI 10.1021/acsami.7b15525
ISSN 1944-8252
Citation Meng T, Yi F, Cheng H, Hao J, Shu D, Zhao S, et al. Preparation of Lithium Titanate/Reduced Graphene Oxide Composites with Three-Dimensional "Fishnet-Like" Conductive Structure via a Gas-Foaming Method for High-Rate Lithium-Ion Batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2017;9(49):42883-42892.

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