Rare Earth Element Yttrium Modified Mg-Al-Zn Alloy: Microstructure, Degradation Properties and Hardness.

Author(s) Liu, L.; Yuan, F.; Zhao, M.; Gao, C.; Feng, P.; Yang, Y.; Yang, S.; Shuai, C.
Journal Materials (Basel)
Date Published 2017 Apr 28
Abstract

The overly-fast degradation rates of magnesium-based alloys in the biological environment have limited their applications as biodegradable bone implants. In this study, rare earth element yttrium (Y) was introduced into AZ61 magnesium alloy (Mg-6Al-1Zn wt %) to control the degradation rate by laser rapid melting. The results showed that the degradation rate of AZ61 magnesium alloy was slowed down by adding Y. This was attributed to the reduction of Mg17Al12 phase and the formation of Al₂Y phase that has a more active potential, which decreased galvanic corrosion resulting from its coupling with the anodic matrix phase. Meanwhile, the hardness increased as Y contents increased due to the uniform distribution of the Al₂Y and Mg17Al12 phases. However, as the Y contents increased further, the formation of excessive Al₂Y phase resulted in the increasing of degradation rate and the decreasing of hardness due to its agglomeration.

DOI 10.3390/ma10050477
ISSN 1996-1944
Citation Liu L, Yuan F, Zhao M, Gao C, Feng P, Yang Y, et al. Rare Earth Element Yttrium Modified Mg-Al-Zn Alloy: Microstructure, Degradation Properties and Hardness. Materials (Basel). 2017;10(5).

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