Regulated Crystallization of Efficient and Stable Tin-based Perovskite Solar Cells via Self-sealing Polymer.

Author(s) Liu, G.; Liu, C.; Lin, Z.; Yang, J.; Huang, Z.; Tan, L.; Chen, Y.
Journal ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
Date Published 2020 Mar 04

Tin-based perovskite solar cells (PVSCs) have emerged as the most promising lead-free perovskite materials owing to their superior optoelectronic properties. However, the deficiency of accurate control for the tin-based perovskite crystallization process increases the possibility of unexpected perovskite film morphology and defects, resulting in inferior power conversion efficiency (PCE). Meanwhile, the poor environmental stability of tin-based perovskite film hinders its further development. In this work, a unique polymer [poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (EVA)] is introduced into anti-solvent during spin coating of formamidinium tin tri-iodide (FASnI3) precursor solution. The C=O groups contained in EVA have a powerful Lewis acid-base complexation with uncoordinated tin atoms in perovskite grains, which can greatly improve grain size, optimize grain orientation and decrease surface defects of FASnI3 films. This strategy offers an impressive PCE of 7.72% with favorable reproducibility. More importantly, the PVSCs devices based on FASnI3-EVA absorber have a self-encapsulation effect, which exhibits distinguished moisture and oxygen barrier property, thereby retaining 62.4% of the original efficiency value after aging for 48 h in air environment with humidity of 60%. Such convenient strategy provides a new inspiration for the establishment of stable and high performance tin-based PVSCs.

DOI 10.1021/acsami.0c01311
ISSN 1944-8252
Citation ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2020.