Author(s) Li, X.; Wang, Y.; Xu, B.; Zhou, X.; Men, C.; Tian, Z.; Mei, Y.
Journal Nanotechnology
Date Published 2019 Aug 30

Multilayer vanadium dioxide (VO) actuators are a widespread concern as these micro/nano-actuators present a fast and efficient dynamic response when VO occurs in metal-insulator transition (MIT) at 68 °C. By tuning the O flow rate during oxide deposition and rolled-up nanotechnology, a microactuator based on a single-layered vanadium oxide nanomembrane with vertical component gradient is fabricated. Upward bending of the nanomembrane is driven by the release of the compressive strain gradient which is revealed through the difference in Raman shift of the vibration mode. Combining strain engineering, the initial curvature of microactuators is tuned in a wide range by the thickness of the nanomembranes. The actuation behavior from low curvature to high final curvature across the MIT is observed which depends on the nanomembrane thickness. Initial compressive strain distribution of the rolled-up nanomembrane decreases the MIT temperature simultaneously. Thus, taking advantage of the tunable MIT and reversible shape transformation, micro/nano-actuators with tunable triggering temperature, controllable initial curvature and large-displacement actuation are fabricated for curvature engineering in micromechanical systems.

DOI 10.1088/1361-6528/ab224d
ISSN 1361-6528
Citation Nanotechnology. 2019;30(35):354003.

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