Single Vanadium Atoms Anchored on Graphitic Carbon Nitride as a High-Performance Catalyst for Non-oxidative Propane Dehydrogenation.

Author(s) Kong, N.; Fan, X.; Liu, F.; Wang, L.; Lin, H.; Li, Y.; Lee, S.T.
Journal ACS Nano
Date Published 2020 May 26

In comparison with oil-based cracking technologies, the on-purpose dehydrogenation of propane (PDH) is a more eco-friendly and profitable approach to produce propylene. By means of density functional theory calculations, the present work reveals that the single vanadium (V) atom anchored on graphitic carbon nitride (V/g-CN) may serve as a promising single-atom catalyst for non-oxidative PDH with industrially practical activity, selectivity, and thermal stability. The high activity of V/g-CN for PDH is attributed to the low-coordinated 3d orbitals of single V atoms, while the propylene selectivity is originated from the inhibition of the di-σ binding mode of propylene on the single V atoms. This work provides a guideline to design and screen out promising single-atom catalysts for selective dehydrogenation of alkanes.

DOI 10.1021/acsnano.0c00659
ISSN 1936-086X
Citation ACS Nano. 2020;14(5):57725779.