Author(s) Seo, J.; Lee, J.; Jeong, G.; Park, H.
Journal Small
Date Published 2019 Jan

The surface property of growth substrate imposes significant influence in the growth behaviors of 2D materials. Rhenium disulfide (ReS ) is a new family of 2D transition metal dichalcogenides with unique distorted 1T crystal structure and thickness-independent direct bandgap. The role of growth substrate is more critical for ReS owing to its weak interlayer coupling property, which leads to preferred growth along the out-of-plane direction while suppressing the uniform in-plane growth. Herein, graphene is introduced as the growth substrate for ReS and the synthesis of graphene/ReS vertical heterostructure is demonstrated via chemical vapor deposition. Compared with the rough surface of SiO /Si substrate with dangling bonds which hinders the uniform growth of ReS , the inert and smooth surface nature of graphene sheet provides a lower energy barrier for migration of the adatoms, thereby promoting the growth of ReS on the graphene surface along the in-plane direction. Furthermore, patterning of the graphene/ReS heterostructure is achieved by the selective growth of ReS , which is attributed to the strong binding energy between sulfur atoms and graphene surface. The fundamental studies in the role of graphene as the growth template in the formation of van der Waals heterostructures provide better insights into the synthesis of 2D heterostructures.

DOI 10.1002/smll.201804133
ISSN 1613-6829
Citation Small. 2019;15(2):e1804133.

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