Spectroscopic X-ray and Mössbauer Characterization of M and M Iron(Molybdenum)-Carbonyl Carbide Clusters: High Carbide-Iron Covalency Enhances Local Iron Site Electron Density Despite Cluster Oxidation.

Author(s) McGale, J.; Cutsail, G.E.; Joseph, C.; Rose, M.J.; DeBeer, S.
Journal Inorg Chem
Date Published 2019 Oct 07

The present study employs a suite of spectroscopic techniques to evaluate the electronic and bonding characteristics of the interstitial carbide in a set of iron-carbonyl-carbide clusters, one of which is substituted with a molybdenum atom. The MC and MC clusters are the dianions (EtN)[(μ-C)(μ-CO)(CO)] (), [K(benzo-18-crown-6)][(μ-C)(μ-CO)(CO)] (), and [K(benzo-18-crown-6)][(μ-C)(μ-CO)(CO)] (). Because and have the same overall cluster charge (2-) but different numbers of iron sites (: 6 sites → : 5 sites), the metal atoms of are formally oxidized compared to those in . Despite this, Mössbauer studies indicate that the iron sites in possess (lower spectroscopic oxidation state) compared with those in . Iron K-edge X-ray absorption and valence-to-core X-ray emission spectroscopy measurements, paired with density functional theory spectral calculations, revealed the presence of significant metal-to-metal and carbide 2p-based character in the filled valence and low-lying unfilled electronic manifolds. In all of the above experiments, the presence of the molybdenum atom in (FeMo) results in somewhat unremarkable spectroscopic properties that are essentially a "hybrid" of (Fe) and (Fe). The overall electronic portrait that emerges illustrates that the central inorganic carbide ligand is essential for distributing charge and maximizing electronic communication throughout the cluster. It is evident that the carbide coordination environment is quite flexible and adaptive: it can drastically modify the covalency of individual Fe-C bonds based on local structural changes and redox manipulation of the clusters. In light of these findings, our data and calculations suggest a potential role for the central carbon atom in FeMoco, which likely performs a similar function in order to maintain cluster integrity through multiple redox and ligand binding events.

DOI 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b01870
ISSN 1520-510X
Citation Inorg Chem. 2019;58(19):1291812932.

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