Strained germanium nanowire optoelectronic devices for photonic-integrated circuits.

Author(s) Qi, Z.; Hao, S.; Luo, M.; Jung, Y.; Nam, D.
Journal J Phys Condens Matter
Date Published 2018 Jul 03

Strained germanium nanowires have recently become an important material of choice for silicon-compatible optoelectronic devices. While the indirect bandgap nature of germanium had long been problematic both in light absorption and emission, recent successful demonstrations of bandstructure engineering by elastic strain have opened up the possibility of achieving direct bandgap in germanium, paving the way towards the realization of various high-performance optical devices integrated on a silicon platform. In particular, the latest demonstration of a low-threshold optically pumped laser in a highly strained germanium nanowire is expected to vitalize the field of silicon photonics further. Here, we review recent advances and challenges in strained germanium nanowires for optoelectronic applications such as photodetectors and lasers. We firstly introduce the theoretical foundation behind strained germanium nanowire optoelectronics. And several practical approaches that have been proposed to apply tensile strain in germanium nanowires are further discussed. Then we address the latest progress in the developments of strained germanium nanowire optoelectronic devices. Finally, we discuss the implications of these experimental achievements and the future outlook in this promising research field.

DOI 10.1088/1361-648X/aad0c0
ISSN 1361-648X
Citation Qi Z, Hao S, Luo M, Jung Y, Nam D. Strained germanium nanowire optoelectronic devices for photonic-integrated circuits. J Phys Condens Matter. 2018.

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