Superiority of sonochemical processing method for the synthesis of barium titanate nanocrystals in contrast to the mechanochemical approach.

Author(s) Moghtada, A.; Ashiri, R.
Journal Ultrason Sonochem
Date Published 2018 Mar
Abstract

The results indicated that the ultrasonic sonochemistry which brings into play the acoustic cavitation phenomenon is more powerful and feasible in synthesizing the mixed oxides in contrast to the conventional solid-state approaches. The obtained results demonstrated that the sonochemical approach is able to obtain highly pure powder product at a much lower processing temperature of about 323K (50°C) in contrast to 1173K (900°C) which is essential for the synthesis by the mechanochemical approach. Sonochemical synthesis benefits from homogenous ordering the reactant ions (which have been dissolved in the solution mixture) into perovskite structure using ultrasonication. This indicates that the acoustic cavitation phenomenon is much more powerful and cost-effective than high energy ball milling in synthesizing nanopowders of the mixed oxide materials. Moreover, the sonochemical processing method is able to prepare the final powder products in a much shorter time by a one-step synthesis approach without the need for the successive calcination in contrast to the solid-state approach.

DOI 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2017.09.037
ISSN 1873-2828
Citation Moghtada A, Ashiri R. Superiority of sonochemical processing method for the synthesis of barium titanate nanocrystals in contrast to the mechanochemical approach. Ultrason Sonochem. 2018;41:127-133.

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