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Synergistic use of biochar and acidified manure for improving growth of maize in chromium contaminated soil.

Author(s) Abbas, A.; Azeem, M.; Naveed, M.; Latif, A.; Bashir, S.; Ali, A.; Bilal, M.; Ali, L.
Journal Int J Phytoremediation
Date Published 2020
Abstract

Chromium (Cr) contamination in farmlands has become a serious environmental concern due to the excessive use of industrial wastewater as an irrigation source. Therefore, some important measures need to be taken for reducing its mobility in a soil profile. A pot study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of sugarcane bagasse derived biochar and acidified manure on Cr mobility and its uptake by maize plant. Results showed that the application of biochar and acidified manure significantly changed soil pH, improved crop growth and as well as reduce the antioxidant response of maize in Cr contaminated soil. The concentration of bioavailable (AB-DTPA) extractable Cr in soil decreased with the addition of co-use of biochar (3%) and acidified manure (5%) by 36% relative to control. The maximum reduction in superoxidase dismutase (SOD), peroxidase dismutase (POD), and catalase activity assay (CAT), and ascorbate peroxidase activity (APX) was occurred by 41%, 51%, 20%, and 55%, respectively when biochar (3%) amended with the combination of acidified manure in Cr contaminated soil. Among all the amendments, biochar at 3% application combination with acidified manure (B2 + AMS) offered significantly minimize Cr mobility (Cr-III (44%) and Cr-VI (22%)) and thereby reduce its uptake by maize plant.

DOI 10.1080/15226514.2019.1644286
Keywords Biodegradation, Environmental; Charcoal; Chromium; Manure; Soil; Soil Pollutants; Zea mays
ISSN 1549-7879
Citation Abbas A, Azeem M, Naveed M, Latif A, Bashir S, Ali A, et al. Synergistic use of biochar and acidified manure for improving growth of maize in chromium contaminated soil. Int J Phytoremediation. 2020;22(1):52-61.